自然资源学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (3): 212-218.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.03.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

从农业气候条件看我国北方原始农业的衰落与农牧交错带的形成

方修琦   

  1. 北京师范大学资源与环境科学系, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:1998-08-06 修回日期:1998-11-13 出版日期:1999-09-25 发布日期:1999-09-25
  • 作者简介:方修琦,男,1962年生,自然地理学博士,北京师范大学资源与环境科学系副教授,主要从事气候变化与 土地利用变化的研究与教学工作。
  • 基金资助:

    国家教委留学回国基金,博士点基金

DECLINE OF PRE HISTORICAL AGRICULTURE AND FORMATION OF FARMING GRAZING TRANSITIONAL ZONE IN NORTH CHINA:A VIEW FROM CLIMATIC CHANGES

FANG Xiu qi   

  1. Department of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:1998-08-06 Revised:1998-11-13 Online:1999-09-25 Published:1999-09-25

摘要: 我国北方农牧交错带地区曾经是发达的原始农业区,农牧交错带的形成是该地区原始农业文化衰落、牧业文化兴起的产物。本文的分析表明,标志全新世暖期结束的气候变化事件所导致的农业气候资源条件的变化是原始农业文化衰落、农牧交错带形成的原因。

关键词: 农牧交错带, 气候变化, 土地利用

Abstract: The farming grazing transitional zone of northern China had once been a region where the primitive agricultural culture was developed and flourished.The agricultural culture declined and changed to the pastoral culture during cal.4300~3500aBP.After than,the so called farming grazing transitional zone formed,and the relative strength of the agricultural culture and pastoral culture has changed in the course of history in the region.The process of culture changes mentioned above was strongly impacted by the climatic changes.The primitive agriculture developed in the Holocene Megathermal Period when temperature was 2~3℃ higher in a maximum,and annual precipitation was about 100mm more than the present.The decline of agricultural culture and the rise of pastoral culture happened at the termination of the Holocene Megathermal Period when both temperature and precipitation dropped,which induced inadequate thermal and water resources for agricultural production. The formation of farming grazing zone during the last 3500 years convinced with the modern climate system.The time and the possible cause of the decline of primitive culture in farming grazing transitional zone of northern China is comparable with the decline of the ancient cultures in India,Babylon,and Egypt,which implies some inner interrelationship in climatic changes in the above regions.

Key words: transitional zone, archaeological culture, land use

中图分类号: 

  • S162.2 F301.24