自然资源学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 259-266.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1995.03.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄海渔业:从单种和多种资源管理走向生态系统水平的管理

丘建文, 吴宝铃   

  1. 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所, 青岛 266003
  • 出版日期:1995-09-25 发布日期:1995-09-25

YELLOW SEA FISHERIES:ADVANCING FROM SINGLE-SPECIES AND MULTI-SPECIES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT TOWARDS THE LEVEL OF ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT

Qiu Jianwen, Wu Baoling   

  1. First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, Qingdao
  • Online:1995-09-25 Published:1995-09-25

摘要: 本文简要回顾了黄海渔业管理的历史,并与国际上的渔业管理发展情况作了比较,指出大海洋生态系作为渔业管理从单种和多种资源管理走向整体化、科学化管理手段的必要性。根据中国国家海洋局向联合国开发署(UNDP)和世界银行(WorldBank)提交的"黄海大海洋生态系监测和保护计划"的有关内容,提出了黄海大海洋生态系的适应性管理策略。该策略分为:①根据现有资料,找出要解决的问题;②选取适当的空域;③找出具体的研究内容;④根据研究所得成果得出适应的管理策略;⑤通过跨国合作使策略得以实施;⑥实施结果通过反馈机制进行评价。

关键词: 黄海渔业, 大海洋生态系, 资源管理

Abstract: After briefly reviewing the history of the Yellow Sea fishery management and comparing it with the development status of fishery management in other regions, this paper points out the necessity for using the great Marine Ecosystem strategy as a means to advance the fishery management from single-species and multi-species resource management towards integrated and scientific management. Further more, on the basis of the relevant contents of the" Action Plan for the Yellow Sea Great Marine Ecosystem Monitoring and Protection" submitted to UNDP and the World Bank by the State Oceanic Administration of China, an adaptive management strategy is proposed for the Yellow Sea. It includes:(a) Seeking out the problems to be solved according to the analysis of available data; (b) Selecting the appropriate space; (c) Ascertaining the specific contents of research; (d) Acquiring the adaptive management strategies from the research findings; (e) Implementation of the strategies through transnational cooperation; (f) Evaluation of the implementation results through feedback loop.

Key words: Yellow Sea fishery, great marine ecosystem, resource management