自然资源学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 252-258.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1995.03.008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

可持续的水资源开发与利用

陈家琦   

  1. 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100044
  • 出版日期:1995-09-25 发布日期:1995-09-25

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OF WATER RESOURCE

Chen Jiaqi   

  1. China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Research
  • Online:1995-09-25 Published:1995-09-25

摘要: 人类必须创造一个可持续发展的社会、经济和生存环境,而对于生命支持系统和经济发展的重要支撑水资源实行可持续开发利用的原则,是对可持续发展的必要物质保证。全球水文循环使世界各地的环境连成一个整体,为实现水资源的可持续开发,必须从总体出发综合开发和管理水资源,在其开发利用过程中注意对水文循环过程的干扰,并服从人类发展和环境保护的全面需要,不能只就水论水。本文就可持续开发水资源的规划思想及其原则,阐述一些基本观点,并指出促其实现必须依靠全社会共识的必要性。

关键词: 水资源的可持续开发, 生存环境, 水资源规划

Abstract: The human race must create sustainable developing society, economy and survival environment. To apply the principles of sustainable development and utilization to water resource, which is the main pillar of life support system and economic development, is the substantial assurance of sustainable development. The global hydrological circulation enables the environments of all parts of the world to be united as a whole, and we have to cope with the problems of comprehensive development, utilization and management of water resource through overall approaches accordingly. Attention should be paid to the possible disturbance to the hydrological circulation process due to the development and utilization of water resource by the people. For the sustainable development of water resource it is important to meet the overall needs of the progress of human society and environment protection, and it is undesirable to talk about water just for water sake. In this paper some basic views related to the issues of water resources sustainable development planning work are expounded,and for attaining this goal it is pointed out that a consensus of the whole society to the principle of sustainable development shoule be acquired.

Key words: sustainable development of water resource, survival environment, water resource planning