自然资源学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 225-231.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1995.03.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国多样的生态农业技术体系

骆世明   

  1. 华南农业大学热带亚热带生态研究所, 广州 510642
  • 出版日期:1995-09-25 发布日期:1995-09-25

THE DIVERSE ECOAGRICULTURAL TECHNICAL SYSTEMS IN CHINA

Luo Shiming   

  1. Institute of Tropical and Subtropical Ecology, South China Agricultural University
  • Online:1995-09-25 Published:1995-09-25

摘要: 中国生态农业的技术体系主要包括①农业环境综合整治技术;②农业资源的保护与增殖技术;③小流域综合利用技术;④立体种养技术;⑤庭院资源综合利用技术;⑥再生能源利用技术;⑦农业副产物再利用技术;⑧有害生物的综合防治技术。中国生态农业的技术体系继承了中国传统农业的精华,充分利用资源,合理保护资源,有效地连接农业的不同组分。文章介绍了中国近10多年来成功应用这些技术的典型例子,并且指出这将有利于中国实践"21世纪议程"和粮农组织的"持续农业和农村发展宣言"。

关键词: 生态农业, 生态系统, 多样性, 技术

Abstract: The technical systems of Chinese ecoagriculture mainly include (a) The integrated technique to improve agricultural environment; (b) The technique to protect and enhance agricultural resources; (c)The technique for the comprehensive use of small watersheds;(d)The vertical arrangement technique concerning plant growth, animal husbandry and fishery;(e)The integrated technique in using farmyard resources; (f) The technique for the use of renewable energy resources; (g)The technique for the use of agricultural by-products; and (h)The integrated technique for control. These technical systems inherit the quintessence or traditional Chinese agriculture. They make good use of the resources and also carefully protect the resources. They link different components of agriculture together effectively. In this paper some successful examples using those technical systems in China are introduced.Chinese ecoagriculture will help China to put the 1991 Den Bosch Declaration on Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development and the 1 993" Agenda 21" of the World's Conference on Environment and Development action.

Key words: ecoagriculture, ecosystem, diversity, technique