自然资源学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (4): 304-312.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1994.04.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同类型国家资源战略实施的启示及我国资源战略的选择

王礼茂, 郎一环   

  1. 中国科学院,国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1994-12-25 发布日期:1994-12-25
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金

THE INSPIRATIONS OF RESOURCE STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION IN DIFFERENT KINDS OF COUNTRIES AND THE SELECTION OF RESOURCE STRATEGY IN CHINA

Wang Limao; Lang Yihuan   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Chinse Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1994-12-25 Published:1994-12-25

摘要: 资源战略是经济发展战略的重要组成部分。不同的国家有着不同的资源战略。本文通过对不同类型国家资源战略实施成败的分析,从中总结了3点有益的启示:①世界经济发展中的相互依赖越来越强;②资源战略的选择要符合本国的实际;③经济结构要多样化。本文还对我国高耗、低效、封闭式的资源战略的形成作了深入的分析,并提出了我国资源战略选择的4个主要方面:①多样化是中国资源战略的出发点;②充分利用国内资源,积极利用国外资源是我国资源战略的核心;③保护资源与环境是我国资源战略的重要组成部分;④建立资源节约型国民经济体系,是我国资源战略的目标。

关键词: 不同类型国家, 资源战略, 持续发展

Abstract: Resource strategy is an important integral part of the economic development strategy. Different countries have different resource strategies, and of course, have different results. On the basis of the analysis of resource strategies of different countries, this paper obtains three useful inspirations: ① The mutual dependence in international economic development becomes more and more strong. ② The selection of resource strategy should suit the reality of the country concerned. ③ The economic structure should be diversified.This paper also analyses deeply the causes of the formation of the highconsumption and low-efficiency resource strategy of China and points out the four main aspects of selecting the resource strategy:①Diversity is the starting point of the resource strategy of China. ② Fully utilizing the domestic resources and actively utilizing the resources abroad are the core of resource strategy of China. ③Protecting the resources and environment is an important integral part of the resource strategy of China. ④Establishing a resources-thrift type of national economic system is the target of China's resource strategy.

Key words: different kinds of countries, resource strategy, sustained development.