自然资源学报 ›› 1992, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (3): 273-281.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1992.03.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

人类活动对黄土高原生态环境及现代气候变化的影响

王菱1, 王勤学1, 张如一2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会,国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会;
    2. 北京师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1992-09-25 发布日期:1992-09-25

THE INFLUENCE OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES ON THE ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT AND PRESENT CLIMATIC CHANGE OF THE LOESS PLATEAU

Wang Ling1, Wang Qinxue1, Zhang Ruyi2   

  1. 1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, The Chinese Academy of Sciences;
    2. Peking Normal University
  • Online:1992-09-25 Published:1992-09-25

摘要: 本文简要阐明人类活动对黄土高原生态环境和现代气候变化的影响。重点分析了黄土高原69个气象台站40年来(1951—1969年)气温、降水变化趋势。结果表明:黄土高原的平均气温从50年代以来不断升高,降水持续减少。升温幅度较大的地区多在干旱区的新兴大、中工业城市。并找出了人口增减对气温影响的关系。

关键词: 人类活动, 生态环境, 气候变化

Abstract: The influence of human activities on environment and climate is the most conspicuous problem of the Loess Plateau, and it may be divided into two aspects:First, the excessive utilization of land by human race causes the destruction of vegetation, and consequently large expance of land is under desertification and the characteristics of the ground surface and the water and heat excha'nge on the ground surface are changed.Second, the use of coal by industries produces a huge amount of carfoondioxde and trace elements, which enter into the atomosphere and cause air pollution.Data of 1951-1990 are collected from 69 meteorological stations on the Loess Plateau. After analysis, the decadal variaions of temperature and rainfall in the last 40 years are obtained.1.In the arid zone of the northwestern of the Loess Plateau, the increase in temperature is the largest. For the past 40 years, the annual mean temperature has increased 0.7-10℃. In the semiarid zone of the middle part of the Plateau, the annual mean temperature increases 0.1-0.5℃, while in the subhumid zone of the southern part, the temperature remains almost constant and even has a slight decrease.2.For the past 40 years, the large and middle-sized cities have the largest temperature increase, especially the industrial cities of the modern type.3.For the past 40 years, the rainfall has decreased in the most part of the Loess Plateau.

Key words: Human activities, ecological environment, climatic change