自然资源学报 ›› 1992, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (3): 208-216.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1992.03.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

四川盆地木本固氮资源和利用途径

邓廷秀, 刘国凡   

  1. 中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所,水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
  • 出版日期:1992-09-25 发布日期:1992-09-25

THE WOODY NITROGEN FIXATION RESOURCE AND ITS EXPLOITIVE AVENUES IN THE SICHUAN RED BASIN

Deng Tingxiu Liu Guofan   

  1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Envioronment, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Conservancy
  • Online:1992-09-25 Published:1992-09-25

摘要: 通过野外调查和试验,应用乙炔还原法检测根瘤固氮酶活性,每次列出四川盆地的木本固氮资源名录,并研究了它们的结瘤固氮特征和生态特性,提出了开发利用木本固氮资源的五种基本途径。

关键词: 木本固氮资源, 结瘤特征, 生态特征, 开发利用途径

Abstract: The resource of 41 local N-fixing woody plants is reported in this paper. Among them 10 species belong to those newly recorded. Some of them are characteristic species of our country and some are rare or nearly extinguished ones. According to a preliminary investigation, at least 25 species have nitrogen-fixing function and good cultural prospects in the region. The characteristics and ecological properties of nodulation and nitrogen fixation of the woody plants are studied. The difference in nodulation and N-fixing ability of each species and the relativity of the ability under different soil conditions are demonstrated. The experience in exploiting the nitrogen fixation resource effectively is summarized. The main avenues of exploitation of the resource include the following: (1) It can be used as member of mixed plantation; (2) It is a pioneer plant for reclaiming wasteland; (3) It should be rationally arranged in an agriculture-forest combination system and in a protection forest; and (4) It has used in economic forest. Exploitation of this resource is significant to establishing a forest nitrogen fixation system, improving soil fertility, and increasing forest productivity.

Key words: woody-fixing resource, ncdulation characteristic, ecological property, avenues of exploitation and utilization.