自然资源学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 170-177.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1991.02.008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

四川森林药用真菌资源及生态类型

陈守常   

  1. 四川省林业科学研究院
  • 出版日期:1991-06-25 发布日期:1991-06-25

THE FOREST PHARMACEUTICAL FUNGI RESOURCES AND THEIR ECOLOGICAL TYPES IN SICHUAN PROVINCE

Chen Shouchang   

  1. Sichuan Academy of Forestry
  • Online:1991-06-25 Published:1991-06-25

摘要: 四川森林药用真菌种类资源丰富,广泛分布于亚热带、温带和寒温带森林内。已知81种、52属、25科,其中担子菌占总数的90.1%,子囊菌9.9%。依其药用功效分为12类,其抑制肿瘤的效果尤引人们重视。 就繁殖生长的基质而言,四川森林药用真菌可分5个生态类群,即木生性40种,竹生性5种,土生性14种,虫生性5种和菌根性17种,并划分若干生态类型。根据生态习性,为人工栽培和试验提供依据。

关键词: 森林药用真菌, 生态类群, 生态类型, 木生性

Abstract: In Sichuan, the resources of forest pharmaceutical fungi are rich and distribute widely in forest regions in the subtropical, temperature and cold-temperature forest zones.All of them possess the pharmaceutical value and many species are recognized to have anti-cancer function and are called the "healthy food".In this paper 81 species of forest pharmaceutical fungi are recorded, which belong to 52 genera and 25 families. Among them, 73 species (90.12%) are Basidiomycetes and 7 species (9.88%) are Ascomycetes. They are macrofungi belonging to the families of Polyporaceae, Aga-ricaceae, Russulaceae, etc.According to their ecological habitats, these species may be divided into 5 ecological groups: lignicolous, 40 species; bamboophilous, 5; geophilous, 14; entomophilous, 5; and ecto-mycorrhizal, 17. They may be grouped into some ecological types. This may provide the basis for artifical cultivation.

Key words: forest pharmaceutical fungi, ecological group, ecological type, lignicolous