自然资源学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 137-145.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1991.02.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

水资源在提高我国土地生产能力中的地位和作用

何希吾   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1991-06-25 发布日期:1991-06-25

THE STATUS AND ROLE OF WATER RESOURCE IN RAISING THE LAND PRODUCTIVITY OF CHINA

He Xiwu   

  1. Commission jor Integrated Survey of Natural Resouces, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1991-06-25 Published:1991-06-25

摘要: 我国是人多地少的国家,同时土地生产能力受到水资源等自然条件的严重制约,长期以来旱涝盐碱自然灾害连续不断,阻碍农业生产的发展。水利建设成为提高土地承载能力的主导因素。合理开发利用水资源,在农业生产发展中占有极其重要地位和作用。因此,强化水资源管理,大规模开展以水利建设为中心的农田基本建设,使我国土地生产能力在原有基础上走上新台阶,是确保我国人口不断增长和国民经济发展对食物需求的根本性措施。

关键词: 水资源, 土地生产能力

Abstract: China is a country with insufficient land and a large population. Meanwhile its land productivity is seriously restricted by water resource and other natural conditions. Since ancient time, natural disasters such as drought, flood, salinization and alkalization occur contin-ualy, which hinders the agricultural development. Water conservancy has become a leading: factor in increasing the carrying capacity of the land, so that the rational developmend of water resource plays a more and more important role. Therefore, strenthening the management of water resource and developing a large scale fundamental farmland construction which focuses on the water conservancy are the significant methods to raise the land productivity from current situation to a new level. In doing so the demand for food by the increasing population and natural economy can be ensured.

Key words: water resource, land productivity