自然资源学报 ›› 1988, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 47-58.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1988.01.006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

鄂尔多斯草原地区土地风蚀沙化及其防治

陈隆亨   

  1. 中国科学院兰州沙漠研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-03-25 发布日期:1988-03-25

WIND-ERODED AND SANDIFIED LAND AND ITS CONTROL IN STEPPE REGION OF ORDOS

Chen Longhen   

  1. Lanzhou Institute of Desert Research, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1988-03-25 Published:1988-03-25

摘要: 本文论述了鄂尔多斯草原地区土地风蚀沙化过程、风蚀沙化类型、风蚀沙化的阶段和特征、引起风蚀沙化的自然因素和人类因素、风蚀沙化土地的恢复过程和整治风蚀沙化土地的措施。

关键词: 鄂尔多斯, 沙化, 梁地, 滩地, 固定沙地

Abstract: Steppe region of Ordos in China is the most serious area suffered from wind erosion and sandification. The processes of wind-erosion and sandification of land and its recovery is in progress alternately.The processes in occurrence and development of wind-erosion and sandification of land may be divided into four historical periods: (1) ecological balance was destroied and land came to be wind-eroded and sandified in the late Surpleistocene Epoch of Quaternary Period; (2) ecosystem balanced, wind erosion reduced and shifting dunes fixed naturally in Holocene Epoch of Quaternary Period; (3) ecological balance was destroyed again, wind erosion developed and shifting dunes recovred after 500 A. D.; (4) ecological balance has been destroyed seriously and the area of wind erosion and sandification have expanded rapidly since 19th century A. D.Modern processes of wind erosion and sandification can be divided into three main types in the light of main land differentiation, that is, ridgeland, fixed sandyland and hollowland. Each type can be divided into four stages according to the degree of wind erosion and sand cover, i.e. slight, moderate, severe and ultra-severe.To adopt measures of artificial sand-fixation and growing grass by closing sands can rapidly make the recovery of vegetation and soil on the wind-eroded and sandified land in the Ordos steppe region, and the shifting dunes could be fixed and semifixed in about ten years.Rational use of land is the effective measure to control wind erosion and sandification and to mantain ecological balance beneficial for mankind.

Key words: Ordos, sandify, ridgeland, flood land, fixed-sandy land