自然资源学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (3): 242-251.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1987.03.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新技术革命与江苏淡水水体资源的综合开发战略

区裕雄   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1987-09-25 发布日期:1987-09-25

NEW TECHNOLOGICAL REVOLUTION AND EXPLOITATIVE STRATEGY OF FRESHWATER BODY RESOURCESIN JIANGSU PROVINCE

Ou Yuxiong   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1987-09-25 Published:1987-09-25

摘要: 近几年来,海洋农牧化浪潮日渐崛起,淡水强化渔业与水体农业试验正积极推行。如同我们的祖先当初从天然采捕业逐步转向种养业一样,人类对水域的开发已进入定向利用时代。所不同的是,随着现代科学技术的进步,将促使这一进程迅猛异常。 江苏淡水资源达2,600×104亩,相当于省内耕地面积的1/3,居全国首位。若能充分开发,对实现工农业产值翻两番必有重大影响。因此,必须充分重视和研究我省淡水水面资源的总体开发战略。

关键词: 大中型湖泊, 水体农业, 开发战略, 新技术革命, 无土栽培, 淡水水体, 湖泊资源, 藻类培养, 战略重点, 水生植物

Abstract: The total area of freshwater bodies in Jiangsu province is about 1733 thousand ha. including all types of rivers, reservois, pools and lakes. Taking the amount of water resources, its nature and prospects into account, it seems that the larger and middle-sized lakes ought to be the main part of exploitation in the coming days.In this paper the existing state of larger and middle-sized lakes in Jiangsu province has been discussed. It shows that there is still keen contradiction of larger in resources, great in potential benefit and poor in produtivity. The drawbacks are not only the poor yield but also (1) low-level of primary productivity of the lakes. At present, the natural baits still form the main base of aquatic produts. (2) single-product management. (3) environmental quality goes to the worse.In order to improve production level thoroughly and greatly, the pattern "Water-body Agriculture" was suggested."Water-body Agriculture" means that integrated-agriculture is developped in lakes relying on new technics. This is a new field of scientific research and production. And it combines organically the traditional fishery with modern agriculture, so that the directional exploitation of resources could be accomplished.The theoretical principle of water-body agriculture is to improve the efficiency of solat energy in lakes. In this pattern the function of aquatic plants is stressed. The aim is to use the natural resources of water, soil, space and light more efficiently, increase the primary productivity fundamentally, and set up a material base for the use of resources. In a sense, the water-body agriculture is a "Green revolution".The water-body agriculture is trying to seek a route reaching the "lake self-providing", breeding promoting by planting, prospering both fishery and farming, diversified economy on large water area. The terminus is to turn a lot of large and middle-sized lakes into integrated modernly non-staple food product base with better ecological environment.The paper summarized progress of experiment in water-body agriculture, which has been doing since 1980. About 60-90% of waves have been effaced from the plant effacing wave belt. The maximum output of water chetnut is 10687.5 kg/ha. Gorgon euryale is 3101 kg/ha. Net output of fish feeding with fishnet in large area reached 31050 kg/ha.In order to obtain a stereo-exploitation on surface layer of water body, land plant and algae are culturing in lakes without soil and obtain a good beginning. It shows that the experiment of water-body agriculture has developped a good prospects about production of lakes.Finally, some notable problems about the exploitation and use of fresh water resources in Jiangsu province were discussed.