自然资源学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 89-96.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2011.01.009

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基于Aqua卫星总云量资料分析山区云水资源

王洪强1, 陈勇航1, 彭宽军1, 崔彩霞2, 张国庆3, 刘琼1   

  1. 1. 东华大学 环境科学与工程学院,上海 201620;
    2. 中国气象局 乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所, 乌鲁木齐 830002;
    3. 青海省气象局,西宁 810001
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-09 修回日期:2010-12-02 出版日期:2011-01-30 发布日期:2011-01-30
  • 作者简介:王洪强(1986- ),男,山东诸城人,硕士研究生,主要从事大气环境和遥感研究。E-mail:sjhjgc@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    新疆维吾尔自治区科技支疆项目(200891129);上海市科委国内合作项目(09395800900);中国气象局省所科技发展专项(CMATG2008S11);中国沙漠气象科学研究基金(Sqj20080010)。

Study on Cloud Water Resources of Mountain Ranges in Xinjiang Based on Aqua Satellite Data

WANG Hong-qiang1, CHEN Yong-hang1, PENG Kuan-jun1, CUI Cai-xia2, ZHANG Guo-qing3, LIU Qiong1   

  1. 1. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China;
    2. Institute of Desert Meteorology of China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China;
    3. Qinghai Meteorological Bureau, Xining 810001, China
  • Received:2010-04-09 Revised:2010-12-02 Online:2011-01-30 Published:2011-01-30

摘要: 采用NASA地球观测系统(EOS) "云与地球辐射能量系统(CERES)"2002-12至2007-12的CERES SSF Aqua MODIS Edition 1B/2B/2C云资料,选取新疆阿尔泰山、天山和昆仑山三大山区,通过分析总云量的多年平均空间分布、季节变化以及年变化特征,考察了新疆山区云水资源情况。结果表明,多年平均的阿尔泰山、天山和昆仑山总云量区域平均值为43.47%、44.91%和52.72%,其云水资源有较大开发潜力。其中昆仑山的云资源最丰富,但其自然转化为降水的效率较低,可以通过人工增水提高其转化率。三大山区总云量呈明显的季节变化和年变化,变化规律各有特点。

关键词: 新疆山区, 云水资源, 总云量

Abstract: CERES SSF Aqua MODIS Edition 1B/2B/2C cloud data from Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) of NASA’s EOS from December, 2002 to December, 2007 were employed and the Altay, Tianshan and Kunlun mountains in Xinjiang were selected as research regions in this study. The variation features of cloud water resources were demonstrated through the analysis of multi-year average spatial distribution, seasonal and annual variation in total cloud coverage. The results showed that multi-year average of the total cloud coverage of the Altay Mountains, Tianshan Mountains and Kunlun Mountains were 43.47%, 44.91% and 52.72%, indicating the cloud water resources had potential for artificial enhancing precipitation; the measurement of the total cloud coverage of the Kunlun Mountains was the highest, but the precipitation conversion efficiency was relatively low, so there should be some potential for improving the precipitation efficiency by artificial enhancing methods at the Kunlun Mountains; the total cloud coverage of the three mountain ranges had obvious seasonal and annual variations with different features.

Key words: cloud water resource, total cloud coverage, mountain ranges in Xinjiang

中图分类号: 

  • P339