自然资源学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 813-827.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20170476

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于GIS格网化分析支撑的旅游空间规划技术方法研究——以青岛市为例

李鹏1, 王英杰2, 虞虎2,*, 武文波1, 马楠1   

  1. 1. 辽宁工程技术大学,辽宁 阜新 123000;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-17 修回日期:2017-10-12 出版日期:2018-05-20 发布日期:2018-05-20
  • 作者简介:李鹏(1987- ),男,辽宁台安人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为GIS空间分析、旅游规划技术、遥感影像信息识别与提取。E-mail: gislipeng@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701164)

Study on Method of Tourism Spatial Planning Based on GIS Grid Analysis—An Example of Qingdao

LI Peng1, WANG Ying-jie2, YU Hu2, WU Wen-bo1, MA Nan1   

  1. 1. Department of Survey and Geography Science, Liaoning Project Technology University, Fuxin 123000, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-05-17 Revised:2017-10-12 Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-05-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41701164.

摘要: 空间规划是支撑旅游地发展规划的核心章节,目前主要依靠规划者经验判断,主观性较强,缺乏客观方面的信息数据支持。论文将GIS格网化与旅游资源评价模型相结合,提出了旅游资源单体采集、旅游资源格网化及其空间分析方法,并融合旅游资源群评价模型、旅游功能区识别模型、旅游线路和空间发展轴线识别模型予以支撑,形成了标准化的旅游资源采集、评价到空间识别的集成技术方法;并以青岛市为例,识别出了旅游资源集群及其发展潜力、旅游功能区和空间拓展轴线,确立了“一心、一带、三轴、五区”的空间发展格局。论文初步探讨了GIS格网化空间分析方法在区域旅游规划中的应用,能够补充传统定性评价方法客观性不足的缺陷,实现复杂旅游资源数据的单体评价、旅游资源集群评价、旅游功能区识别、旅游线路和空间发展轴线优选的系列化分析技术路线,可为延伸旅游规划深度、提高规划精度提供科学参考。

关键词: GIS格网化, 功能区识别, 旅游资源评价, 青岛市

Abstract: Spatial planning is developing rapidly as the core of supporting tourism general planning, which is mainly relied on the experience of tourism planners instead of technical support. This article proposed a technical method by combining GIS grid and the evaluation model of tourism resources, aiming at evaluating tourism resource monomers and tourism resource clusters and exploring tourism functional areas and spatial developing axes. Then, the feasibility of the method was verified in Qingdao. The experimental result shows: 1) This article put forward a new method on tourism resources collection and gridding spatial analyst of tourism resources. Associated with tourism resources evaluation model, tourism functional area identification model, tourist routes and spatial developing axes model, a series of technical methods integrating tourism resource collection, evaluation, tourism functional area identification and analysis are formed. 2) The paper identified the tourism resource clusters, development potential, tourism functional areas and spatial developing axes in Qingdao and established spatial development pattern of “one core, one band, three axes, five areas” for Qingdao. The paper discussed the method of gridding analysis being applied in tourist spatial planning preliminarily, which can improve the traditional qualitative evaluation method, realize complicated and serialization analytical tourism resources evaluation, tourism functional area identification, tourist routes and spatial developing axes optimization, and provide scientific reference for tourism planning.

Key words: functional area, GIS grid, Qingdao City, tourism resources evaluation

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7