自然资源学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 1774-1782.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.10.015

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    

我国自然遗迹类保护区空缺分析及保护对策研究

张萌萌1, 蔚东英1, *, 李俊生2, 王伟2, 罗遵兰2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学 地理学与遥感科学学院,北京 100875;
    2. 中国环境科学研究院,北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-22 修回日期:2014-11-28 出版日期:2015-10-15 发布日期:2015-10-15
  • 作者简介:张萌萌(1988- ),女,河北邯郸人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为地理教育、自然遗迹管理。E-mail: mmzhang1998@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    环境保护部公益项目“国家级自然保护区保护成效评估与规范化建设关键技术研究”(201209028); 国家自然科学基金项目(41401632)

Research on the Vacancy Analysis and Protection Measures of China’s Nature Relics Reserves

ZHANG Meng-meng1, WEI Dong-ying1, LI Jun-sheng2, WANG Wei2, LUO Zun-lan2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
  • Received:2014-07-22 Revised:2014-11-28 Online:2015-10-15 Published:2015-10-15

摘要: 自然遗迹类保护区对保护自然遗迹具有重要的作用。我国自然遗迹资源丰富,但自然遗迹类保护区在整个自然保护区体系中所占的比例相对较低,不能满足保护覆盖的需求。通过对我国自然遗迹类保护区的空缺分析,得出结论:基础地质遗迹大类和地貌景观大类的地质遗迹比例基本平衡,但仍存在保护空缺的类型。在空间分布上,要进一步重视陕甘黄土高原区、西南区、西北区、青藏高原、华东及东部沿海区的自然保护区建设,并确立优先保护区域。最后,在全面分析自然遗迹类保护区的基础上,提出相应的保护对策。

Abstract: Nature relics reserves play an important role in the protection of nature relics. Our country owns rich natural heritage resources, but the protected areas for nature relics take very low proportion in the whole nature reserves’ system, which cannot meet the needs of the protection. Through the vacancy analysis on both types and spatial distributions of the nature relics protected areas, it is concluded that the basic geological heritages and geomorphological heritages are balanced in proportion in the category of geological relics, but there are still types are vacant in protection. What’s more, it should be paid more attention to the construction of protected areas in Loess Plateau of Shaanxi and Gansu, Southwest China, Tibetan Plateau, east China and eastern coastal areas, and it is needed to establish priority conservation areas. At last, based on the comprehensive analysis of nature relics reserves, some corresponding protection measures are proposed. First of all, the legal obstacles of nature relics reserves should be solved. Secondly, efforts should be made to improve the natural relics reserves’ management agencies. Finally, the planning and management of geological heritage should be enhanced scientifically and systematically.

中图分类号: 

  • X36