自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 1613-1625.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.09.015

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

能源资源流动的研究视角、主要内容及其研究展望

王宜强1, 赵媛1,2, 郝丽莎1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京210023;
    2. 南京师范大学金陵女子学院, 南京210023
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-18 修回日期:2014-01-10 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-09-20
  • 作者简介:王宜强(1987-),男,山东嘉祥人,博士研究生,主要从事能源地理学与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail:yqwang54@outlook.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41371518,41101541);江苏省研究生科研创新计划项目(KYLX_0700)。

Perspectives, Main Contents and Future Research of Energy Resources Flow

WANG Yi-qiang1, ZHAO Yuan1,2, HAO Li-sha1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. Jinling College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2013-05-18 Revised:2014-01-10 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-09-20

摘要:

通过对能源资源流动研究成果的梳理和总结,从各相关学科不同研究视角出发阐述了能源资源流动研究的内容、着重点及其特色,指出经济地理学、交通地理学、物流学、产业经济学和产业生态学是能源流研究最为密切的学科。从能源流动特征、流动机制、流动效应以及流动的优化调控等4 个方面阐述了能源流研究的主要内容,并籍此认为各学科对于能源流研究的开展丰富和发展了资源流动的研究内容和方法。在对能源流动形式研究的探讨中,指出能源流动形式研究与资源流动的纵横向解析模式具有一致性,其纵横向研究各自独立展开,形成了两种截然不同的研究风格,但目前的相关研究缺乏将纵横向分析有效衔接的联系机制。最后,根据能源资源流动研究现状提出今后该领域相关研究建议。

关键词: 能源资源流动, 主要内容, 研究视角, 研究展望

Abstract:

Energy resources are dynamic sources of development of human society and economy.In reality, spatial distribution of energy resources is often uneven, and spatial dislocation ofenergy production and consumption is a more common phenomenon. So, the flow process ofenergy resources, including spatial displacement process and material utilization process, is themain mode of exploitation and utilization of energy resources, which is also an important directionin the study of resources flow. Currently, the study of energy resources flow mainly concernsof primary energy resources, such as coal and oil, which is of significant representativeness,typicality and important practical application value in the study of resources flow. Theyare widely used in macroeconomic analysis, energy policy and strategy development, transportationplanning, logistics and trading plan, analysis of energy efficiency, environmental valueaccounting, energy saving and emission reduction and other areas of policy formulation and decision-making.
The article combed and summarized research efforts of energy resources flow, and elaboratedthe content, focal points and characteristics of energy resources flow study from all relateddisciplines'research perspectives. It indicated that geonomics, geography of communication,logistics, industrial economics and industrial ecology were most closely related subjects tothe study of energy resources flow.
Next, this article elaborated the main contents of energy resources flow study from fouroutlines including the characteristics, mechanisms, effect, optimization and regulation. Accordingto the above-mentioned, the study of energy resources flow from various subjects mademuch enrichment and development on the theoretical study of resources flow. Therefore, this articleindicated that the directionality of resources flow and elements deconstruction of spatialstructure of resources flow should be a useful addition to the resources flow theory.
In discussion on energy resources flow research framework, Cheng Shengkui made ananalysis on resources flow into two main flow forms, one of which put resources flow resolveto horizontal flow, and another vertical flow. Horizontal flow occurred when resources made adisplacement in different geographic space. And vertical flow occurred when resourcesachieved of form, features and value's transformation in the process from original state resourcesto wastes. That was not only an accurate analysis on resources flow connotation, but also providinga basic research framework for thereafter resources flow empirical research. This articlesupposed that existing study framework of energy resources flow was consistent to the frameworkof vertical and horizontal analysis of resources flow. Their vertical and horizontal researchconducted independently and formed two very different research styles. At the sametime, the article pointed out that this research framework lacked of effective contact mechanismswhich could link up vertical and horizontal analysis. On the basis of the earlier studies,this paper finally put forward some gradual goals and outlook contents of the future energy resourcesflow research.

Key words: research perspectives, future research, energy resources flow, main contents

中图分类号: 

  • F062.1