自然资源学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 1552-1564.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.09.010

• 资源评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

青海湖流域降水和河水中δ18O和δD变化特征

吴华武, 李小雁, 赵国琴, 李广泳, 李舟, 李柳   

  1. 北京师范大学资源学院, 北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-09 修回日期:2013-10-28 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-09-20
  • 作者简介:吴华武(1986-),男,江西九江人,博士研究生,主要从事水文同位素与气候变化研究。E-mail:wuhuawu416@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(41130640,41025001);长江学者和创新团队发展计划“土壤水文与土壤侵蚀”(IRT1108);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资助。

The Variation Characteristics of δ18O and δD in Precipitation and River Water, Qinghai Lake Basin

WU Hua-wu, LI Xiao-yan, ZHAO Guo-qin, LI Guang-yong, LI Zhou, LI Liu   

  1. College of Resources Sciences and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2013-05-09 Revised:2013-10-28 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-09-20

摘要:

稳定同位素方法已被广泛用来研究水循环过程中的水汽来源分析、不同水体间补给关系及水量平衡。论文基于青海湖流域2012 年夏季所收集的河水和逐次大气降水中δ18O和δD 及实测的气象数据,分析了它们的氢氧稳定同位素时空变化特征。结果表明:降水中同位素值组成变化存在两个明显的变化阶段,在8 月中旬之前降水中稳定同位素值较低,而之后明显偏高,这与受夏季风和局地再循环水汽的影响有关;该流域大气降水线(LMWL)的斜率(8.69)和截距(17.5)明显大于全球大气降水线(GMWL),表明青海湖流域夏季大气降水在一定程度上受夏季风所携带湿润海洋性气团的影响;降水中稳定同位素与降水量及温度之间存在负相关关系,表明青海湖流域夏季降水中稳定同位素存在显著的降水量效应,但却不存在温度效应;该流域内河水受到大气降水、地下水及冰川融水的混合和调节作用,这使得河水中稳定同位素的波动范围比降水小;通过瑞利分馏模型模拟了降水中稳定同位素的变化,降水中δ18O、δD和过量氘 (d_excess)的值受青海湖湖面再循环水汽补充的影响。因此,这也将为今后展开青海湖流域水循环过程中大气降水-地下水-地表水的研究提供科学依据,掌握该流域不同水体间的转化关系及水资源利用、管理具有重要的意义。

关键词: 氢氧稳定同位素, 瑞利分馏模型, 河水, 青海湖流域, 降水

Abstract:

The technique of stable isotope has been widely applied to study the moisturesource, supplement relationships among different water bodies and water balance in water cycle.Based on the δ18O and δD of event-based precipitation and river water, the meteorologicaldata in the summer during 2012 on Qinghai Lake Basin, we analyzed the spatial and temporalvariation characteristics of stable isotopes (oxygen and deuterium) in event-based precipitationand river water. The results indicated that the compositions of stable isotopes in precipitationpresented two distinct variation phases, low isotopic values were showed before the mid August,but after that the isotopic values became higher, this may be related with the recycled localmoisture and summer monsoon; the slope (8.69) and intercept (17.5) of LMWL (local meteoricwater line) were evidently larger than GMWL in the Qinghai Lake Basin, this showed thatthe summer precipitation was partly influenced by the moist maritime air masses carried bysummer monsoon; there was a negative correlation between stable isotopes in precipitation andprecipitation amount and temperature, which indicated that a significant precipitation amounteffect existed in summer precipitation but no temperature effect; the variation of stable isotopesin river water had a lower fluctuation range than that of precipitation, this was induced by themixture and adjustment of precipitation, groundwater and glacier melt water; the compositionsof stable isotopes in precipitation became larger replenished by the recycled moisture from Qinghai Lake in summer via Rayleigh fractionation model. Therefore, these would provide the scientificbasis for the study of precipitation, groundwater and surface water in hydrologic cycle in Qinghai Lake Basin, and are of great significance for understanding the trans forming relationships among different water bodies, utilization and management of water resources in future.

Key words: stable isotopes, Rayleigh fractionation model, river water, Qinghai Lake Basin, precipitation

中图分类号: 

  • P342