自然资源学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (3): 285-292.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2004.03.003

• 资源利用与保护 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖北省湿地水禽资源研究

葛继稳1,2, 蔡庆华1, 胡鸿兴3, 刘建康1, 曹国斌2, 朱兆泉2, 刘胜祥4, 石道良2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院水生生物研究所淡水生态与生物技术国家重点试验室,湖北 武汉 430072;
    2. 武汉大学资源与环境科学学院,湖北 武汉 430079;
    3. 湖北省野生动植物保护总站,湖北 武汉 430079;
    4. 华中师范大学生命科学学院,湖北 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2003-10-22 修回日期:2004-01-07 出版日期:2004-06-25 发布日期:2004-06-25
  • 作者简介:葛继稳(1965~),男,湖北咸宁人,高级工程师,硕士,在职博士研究生,主要从事保护生物学、湿地生 态学、流域生态学等方面的研究工作。发表科技论文近60篇,出版专著7部.
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2002CB412300);中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1-SW-12-IV-21);国家自然科学基金项目(30070153,39670150);国家林业局湿地资源调查和野生动物资源调查项目(1996-2001)

Studies on resources of wetland waterfowls in Hubei Province, China

GE Ji-wen1,2, CAI Qing-hua1, HU Hong-xing3, LIU Jian-kang1, CAO Guo-bin2, ZHU Zhao-quan2, LIU Sheng-xiang4, SHI Dao-liang2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, CAS, Wuhan430072,China;
    2. Hubei Wildlife Conservation Station, Wuhan 430079,China;
    3. College of Resourceand Environment Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072,China;
    4. College of LifeSciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079,China
  • Received:2003-10-22 Revised:2004-01-07 Online:2004-06-25 Published:2004-06-25

摘要: 1996年5月至2003年7月,使用直接计数法、样方法和专项调查法研究了湖北省湿地水禽资源,包括物种多样性、分布和种群数量。结果表明:湖北省共有水禽131种,隶属于7目19科58属;记录到107种,其中有黄嘴白鹭、小苇(?)、红脚苦恶鸟和长嘴剑(?)4个新记录种。按区系型分,古北界种类占优势,有80种,广布种26种,东洋种25种;按季节型分,冬候鸟为主体,有75种,夏候鸟32种,旅鸟14种,留鸟10种;按生活型分,涉禽占优势,共81种,游禽50种。湖北省水禽种群总数为159.396 9×104只,密度为101.96只/km2;种群数量在1×104只以上的有28种。角(?)(?)等24种未发现。

关键词: 生物资源, 种群调查, 水禽, 种群数量, 湿地, 湖北省

Abstract: Based on the field survey data obtained from May 1996 to June 2003,the resources of waterfowl in Hubei province of Central China,including species diversity,distribution and population number were studied with systematic sampling such as direct count,quadrat and special survey methods.There were 131 species of waterfowl in Hubei's wetlands,belonging to 58 genera of 19 families of 7 orders,in which 107 species were recorded in our studies,accounting for 81.68%.Four waterfowls (Egretta eulophotesjxobrychus minutus,Amaurornis akool and Char-adrius placidus)viere firstly recorded in Hubei.In terms of geographical distribution types,the Palaearctic,Cosmopolitan and Oriental species were 80,26 and 25,which accounted for 61.07%, 19.85% and 19.08% ,respectively.The Palaearctic species were dominant.According to the seasonal patterns,75 species were winter migrants,32 species were summer migrants,14 species were traveling birds and 10 species were resident birds.They took up 57.25% ,24.43% , 10.69% and 7.63% respectively .The Grallatores with 81 species were the dominant lifetypes,and 50 species were Natatores.About 159.396 9×104 individuals were estimated as the total number of waterfowl in Hubei province and the density was 101.96 individuals per km2.Among these waterfowls,the number of Fulica atra was the highest with 15.345×104 individuals,and there were 28 species whose population numbers were more than 1×104 individuals, in which 3 species such as Fulica atra,Egretta garzetta and Tachybaptus ruficollis were all above 10×104 individuals. Twenty-four species were not recorded within our investigation,indicated that they might have been extinct or be very endangered in Hubei wetlands.

Key words: biological resource, population survey, waterfowl, population number, wetland, Hu-bei Province