自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 999-1009.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220411

• 海洋经济发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于生态系统服务的海洋空间开发适宜性评价方法及应用——以粤港澳大湾区伶仃洋为例

李杨帆1,2(), 张倩1,2, 向枝远1,2, 张振1,2   

  1. 1.厦门大学滨海湿地生态系统教育部重点实验室,厦门 361102
    2.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海),珠海 511458
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-02 修回日期:2021-11-25 出版日期:2022-04-28 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 作者简介:李杨帆(1978- ),男,山西洪洞人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事海岸带陆海统筹与可持续发展方面研究。E-mail: yangf@xmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海)创新团队项目(311021004);国家自然科学基金项目(41976208)

Evaluation of marine space development suitability based on ecosystem service: A case study of Lingdingyang Bay of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

LI Yang-fan1,2(), ZHANG Qian1,2, XIANG Zhi-yuan1,2, ZHANG Zhen1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems, College of the Environment & Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, Fujian, China
    2. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 511458, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2021-09-02 Revised:2021-11-25 Online:2022-04-28 Published:2022-06-28

摘要:

海洋空间开发适宜性评价是开展海洋空间规划的基础,对粤港澳大湾区协同发展具有重要意义。在生态系统服务框架下提出伶仃洋空间开发适宜性评价方法并分区。根据一级分区结果、开发适宜性—生态保护重要性矩阵和面积占比,分为重点开发区(高—低,30.63%)、限制开发区(高—高,22.71%)、保留区(低—低,23.37%)、禁止开发区(低—高,23.29%),以上四区开发适宜性依次递减。根据资源禀赋和用海兼容条件进行二级分区,重点开发区包括港口航运、旅游、渔业等单功能二级区(近岸与岛屿周围海域)和兼容二级区(桂山岛外围海域),关注供给/文化服务协同开发。限制开发区分为生态旅游和休闲渔业二级区,分布于香港、澳门地区近岸海域,需权衡供给/文化服务的开发和调节/支持服务的保护。

关键词: 海洋生态系统服务, 海洋开发适宜性, 生态保护重要性, 伶仃洋

Abstract:

The evaluation of marine space development suitability, an important part of marine spatial planning, is of great significance to the implementation of a coordinated development strategy in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. We developed a methodology to evaluate marine space development suitability based on ecosystem service. Lingdingyang Bay is divided into key development zones, restricted development zones, prohibited development zones and reserved zones, in a descending order of marine space development suitability, which account for 30.63%, 22.71%, 23.37% and 23.29%, respectively. The relationship between development suitability and ecological protection importance of these four zones are high-low, high-high, low-low, and low-high, respectively. According to the resource endowment and sea compatibility conditions, we divide key development zones into single-function zones and compatible zones. Single-function zones, located in nearshore and sea areas around the islands, are accessible separately to port shipping, tourism and fishery activity, while compatible zones, located around Guishan Island, focus mainly on the synergy of supply and cultural services. Restricted development zones include ecological tourism zones and recreational fisheries zones, which are distributed in the coastal waters of Hong Kong and Macao, focusing on the tradeoff between the development of supply/cultural services and the protection of regulation/support services.

Key words: marine ecosystem service, development suitability, ecological protection importance, Lingdingyang Bay