自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 850-861.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220402

• 陆海统筹与海岸带空间利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

海域功能分类体系协调性判别方法

马仁锋1,2,3(), 朱保羽1, 马静武4, 邵子豪4   

  1. 1.宁波大学地理与空间信息技术系,宁波 315211
    2.宁波陆海国土空间利用与治理协同创新中心,宁波 315211
    3.浙江省新型重点专业智库宁波大学东海战略研究院,宁波 315211
    4.温州自然资源与规划局,温州 325000
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-08 修回日期:2021-06-02 出版日期:2022-04-28 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 作者简介:马仁锋(1979- ),男,湖北枣阳人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为经济与文化地理学、陆海国土空间规划技术与治理。E-mail: marfxf@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771174);国家自然科学基金项目(41976209);浙江省基础公益研究项目(LGF22D010002);温州市自然资源和规划局咨询项目(WZHX2021-08-211)

Research on the judgment of coordination of marine function classification system

MA Ren-feng1,2,3(), ZHU Bao-yu1, MA Jing-wu4, SHAO Zi-hao4   

  1. 1. Department of Geography & Spatial Information Technology, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
    2. Ningbo Municipal Universities Collaborative Innovation Center for Land and Marine Spatial Utilization and Governance Research, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
    3. Donghai Academy, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
    4. Wenzhou Bureau of Natural Resources and Planning, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2021-02-08 Revised:2021-06-02 Online:2022-04-28 Published:2022-06-28

摘要:

海域功能分类是海洋空间规划编制和实施的基础标准,建立不同海域功能分类体系的协调方案是实现海洋空间规划多规合一的必要条件。因此,梳理我国现行海域功能分类体系,选取实施已久的海洋功能区划的功能区分类,以及自然资源部最新推出作为国土空间规划标准的海域利用分类,在明确海域功能分类体系协调性内涵的基础上,从海域用途符合性、环境质量标准符合性、开发利用影响三方面构建不同海域功能分类体系的协调性判别方法,并依此得出海洋功能区分类和海域利用分类的协调性判别矩阵。结果表明:协调类型为“兼容”或“有条件兼容”的海域利用组合共计22对,为国土空间规划中海域混合利用和分层利用的重点关注对象。

关键词: 海洋空间规划, 多规合一, 海域功能分类, 协调性, 判别矩阵

Abstract:

The integration of multiple marine spatial plans is a necessary measure to realize the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity. Marine function classification is the basic standard for the compilation and implementation of marine spatial planning, and the establishment of coordinated and integrated schemes in marine function classification systems is a necessary condition for the integration of multiple marine spatial planning, which is of great significance to the promotion and implementation of marine territorial spatial planning. Therefore, this paper selects the classification of functional zones in marine function zoning, one of the most important plans in the marine spatial planning system in China, as well as the sea area use classification proposed by the Ministry of Natural Resources recently as standards for national territorial spatial planning. On the basis of the clarification of the coordination connotation of marine function classification system and the sea area use compliance, environmental quality standards compliance, we establish a method to judge the coordination of marine functional classification system from three aspects: The conformity of marine use, the conformity of environmental quality standards and the impact of development and utilization, and construct the coordination matrix of the classification of marine functional zones and the sea area use classification. The results show that there are 22 pairs of sea area utilization combinations with coordination types of "compatible" or "conditionally compatible", which should be the focus of mixed utilization or stratified utilization of sea areas in future territorial spatial planning.

Key words: marine spatial planning, multiple plans integration, sea area function classification, coordination, judgment matrix