自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 459-476.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220213

• 新时期自然资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江经济带污染密集型产业集聚时空特征及其绿色经济效应

黄磊1,2,3(), 吴传清3,4()   

  1. 1. 西南大学经济管理学院,重庆 400715
    2. 中国西部非公经济发展与扶贫反哺协同创新中心,重庆 400715
    3. 武汉大学区域经济研究中心,武汉 430072
    4. 武汉大学中国发展战略与规划研究院,武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-28 修回日期:2021-04-22 出版日期:2022-02-28 发布日期:2022-02-16
  • 通讯作者: 吴传清(1967- ),男,湖北石首人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为城市与区域经济。E-mail: wcq501@163.com
  • 作者简介:黄磊(1991- ),男,湖北孝昌人,博士,副教授,研究方向为城市与区域经济。E-mail: huanglei2051@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(20CJL021)

Spatial and temporal characteristics of pollution intensive industrial agglomeration and its green economy effect in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

HUANG Lei1,2,3(), WU Chuan-qing3,4()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    2. Colllaborative Innovation Center for Non-public Economic Development and Poverty Alleviation Back-feeding in Western China, Chongqing 400715, China
    3. Center for Regional Economics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    4. China Institute of Development Strategy and Planning, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
  • Received:2020-12-28 Revised:2021-04-22 Online:2022-02-28 Published:2022-02-16

摘要:

污染治理是长江经济带生态保护与绿色发展的难点与痛点,而污染密集型产业集聚正是造成长江环境问题的重要诱因。从对绿色发展效率的作用机理出发,采用加权标准差椭圆等方法,识别长江经济带沿线11省份污染密集型产业集聚的时空演化格局并探究其绿色经济效应。结果显示:长江经济带污染密集型产业集聚深度弱于全国水平,产业结构朝绿色低碳化转型;长江经济带污染密集型产业集聚地区分异显著,中上游地区污染产能集聚能力较强;污染密集型产业集聚对长江经济带绿色发展能力在短期内具有抑制作用,但存在长期绿色转型机制,上中下游地区绿色转折速率梯度提升。研究结果可为推动长江经济带工业绿色集聚发展提供借鉴。

关键词: 污染密集型产业, 长江经济带, 产业集聚, 绿色发展, 影响效应

Abstract:

Pollution control is the difficulty and pain point of ecological protection and green development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB), and pollution intensive industrial agglomeration is the severe inducement of environmental problems. Based on the mechanism of green development efficiency, this paper uses the weighted standard deviation ellipse method and other methods to identify the spatial-temporal evolution pattern of pollution intensive industrial agglomeration in 11 provincial-level regions of the YREB, and then explores its green economy effect. The results show that: the degree of pollution intensive industrial agglomeration in the YREB is lower than the national level, the industrial structure is transforming towards green and low-carbon development; the pollution intensive industrial agglomeration areas in the YREB are significantly different, the pollution production capacity in the middle and upstream areas is strong; the pollution intensive industrial agglomeration has an inhibitory effect on the green development capacity of the YREB in the short term, however, the pollution intensive industry cluster has a long-term green transformation mechanism, and the transition rate in the upper, middle and lower reaches rises gradually. The results can provide reference for promoting the industrial green agglomeration in the study area.

Key words: pollution intensive industry, YREB, industrial agglomeration, green development, influential effect