自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 424-439.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220211

• 新时期自然资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村外出务工人员承包地处置方式的区域差异与影响因素——基于社会融入视角

刘春卉1(), 聂文静1(), 赵晓彤2, 沈维志3   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学人文与社会发展学院,南京 210095
    2. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
    3. 江苏省人民政府办公厅信息处,南京 210024
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-22 修回日期:2021-05-08 出版日期:2022-02-28 发布日期:2022-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 聂文静(1990-),女,江苏徐州人,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为农林经济管理。E-mail: niewj@njau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘春卉(1985-),男,江苏常州人,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为社会地理学。E-mail: lch@njau.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901196);国家自然科学基金项目(72003094)

Regional differences and influencing factors in the contracted land use patterns for rural migrant workers: A perspective of social inclusion

LIU Chun-hui1(), NIE Wen-jing1(), ZHAO Xiao-tong2, SHEN Wei-zhi3   

  1. 1. College of Humanities & Social Development, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
    2. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    3. Information Division, General Office of the People's Government of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210024, China
  • Received:2020-11-22 Revised:2021-05-08 Online:2022-02-28 Published:2022-02-28

摘要:

我国农村外出务工人员保有相当规模的承包地,如何高效集约利用是农业现代化的基础。利用流动人口卫生计生动态监测数据,在分析省域承包地处置方式差异的基础上,以其社会融入水平为切入点,分析其承包地处置决策的影响因素。研究发现:(1)粮食主产区承包地流转已具一定规模,但撂荒在全国也有相当比例,显性撂荒呈“西南高、东北低”的空间格局,农村外出务工人员承包地处置方式的集聚特征与其流动目的地社会融入水平存在一定程度的关联性;(2)社会融入水平的提升会显著降低农村外出务工人员的自耕意愿,易于形成亲朋耕种、流转等承包地处置决策,但是,撂荒的概率也会随之增加;(3)地方土地流转政策尚不足以将农村外出务工人员转移经营权的意愿完全转化为亲朋耕种、流转等行为,依然有较高概率显性或隐性撂荒。针对这些问题,流出地与流动目的地的政策应统筹考虑。一方面提升社会服务水平,降低农村外出务工人员生计风险;另一方面应积极引导其将承包地流转,避免撂荒造成耕地资源浪费。

关键词: 农村外出务工人员, 承包地, 社会融入, 区域差异

Abstract:

Rural migrant workers in China still have a considerable amount of contracted land. Using it efficiently and intensively and solving the separation of farmer and land is an essential basis for realizing agricultural modernization and ensuring food security. The paper uses data based on the disposal methods of contracted land of rural migrant workers from the National Survey on Health and Family Planning Dynamics of the Mobile Populations to analyze the factors influencing the disposal decisions of contracted land of rural migrant workers based on the differences in the disposal methods of contracted land in provincial-level areas and the level of their social inclusion in mobile destinations as the entry point. The study found that: (1) The transfer of contracted land in the central grain-producing regions has reached an absolute scale, but there is a considerable proportion of abandonment in the country, and the spatial pattern of explicit abandonment is "high in the southwest, but low in the northeast." Besides, the self-farming and hidden abandoned accumulation of characteristics are not obvious, with a certain degree of universality. (2) The increase in age, family income, and social inclusion will significantly reduce the willingness of rural migrant workers to cultivate their land and easily make a decision to dispose of contracted land such as cultivation and transfer to their friends and relatives. As a result, the probability of abandonment will also increase. (3) There is a particular coupling between institutional social inclusion and mobility destinations, with rural migrant workers to the eastern region tending to cultivate land themselves and those to the central and northeastern regions tending to transfer or abandon their land. The research perspective of social inclusion confirms the social security value of contracted land for rural migrant workers, and enhancing their social inclusion level can help the policy practice of separation of three rights. However, the current local land transfer policies are not sufficient to fully transform the willingness of rural migrant workers to transfer their management rights into farming and transferring by their friends and relatives. Rural migrant workers still have a high probability of abandoning their land explicitly or implicitly after their non-farm employment and life stabilization. As a result, the rural migrant workers' origin and destination governments should be considered in an integrated manner to lower the level of urban social services and reduce their livelihood risk concerns on the one hand, and actively guide them to transfer their contracted land to avoid wasting land resources due to abandonment on the other.

Key words: rural migrant workers, contracted land, social inclusion, regional differences