自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 291-306.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220202

• 新时期自然资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村振兴背景下县域农业农村创新发展评价及空间格局——以甘肃省为例

尹君锋(), 石培基(), 张韦萍, 才文顺, 李昕阳, 李雅丽   

  1. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,兰州 730070
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-12 修回日期:2021-08-12 出版日期:2022-02-28 发布日期:2022-02-16
  • 通讯作者: 石培基(1961- ),男,甘肃临洮人,硕士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为区域发展与规划管理。E-mail: xbsdspj@163.com
  • 作者简介:尹君锋(1995- ),男,甘肃庆城人,硕士,研究方向为区域发展与规划管理。E-mail: 1627815859@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771130);国家自然科学基金项目(41661035);甘肃省科技计划项目(20JR5RA529)

The evaluation and spatial pattern of agricultural and rural innovation-driven development at county level in the context of rural revitalization:Take Gansu province as an example

YIN Jun-feng(), SHI Pei-ji(), ZHANG Wei-ping, CAI Wen-shun, LI Xin-yang, LI Ya-li   

  1. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2021-04-12 Revised:2021-08-12 Online:2022-02-28 Published:2022-02-16

摘要:

实施农业农村现代化创新发展措施,将有效促使乡村振兴战略长远推进,形成我国农业农村创新发展的新局面。基于甘肃省86个县域研究单元,从创新投入、创新保障、创新效果三个维度构建了包含28个二级指标的农业农村创新发展评价指标体系,就农村地区创新发展水平进行综合评价。结果表明:(1)甘肃省农业农村整体创新发展得分呈上升趋势,但增长幅度较为缓慢。综合创新能力得分较高的县(区)主要集中在河西地区东部,得分较低的县(区)主要集中在南部民族地区。河西地区创新保障和创新效果水平处于全省前列,南部民族地区创新投入水平较低。(2)全省农业农村创新发展在东西方向上表现为西高东低,2013年以后逐渐表现出“两头高、中间低”趋势;在南北方向上表现北高南低;在东南—西北方向上呈现出西北高、东南低;在西南—东北方向上呈现出东北高、西南低。创新发展指数方向特征未发生明显变化,在空间上具有一定的锁定性。(3)创新发展热点区域集中在河西地区张掖市、武威市及金昌市,冷点区域集中分布在南部民族地区;极冷点区和极热点区数量减少,县域农业农村创新发展差距在减小。(4)多元资本投入、农业经济发展、自然地理条件及资源禀赋、农业基础设施配置、农业发展政策等通过内外因素结合创新发展供需两侧作用于甘肃省农业农村创新发展时空演化。

关键词: 乡村振兴, 农业农村, 创新发展, 演化机理, 甘肃省

Abstract:

The implementation of agricultural and rural modernization and innovation-driven development will effectively promote the long-term rural revitalization strategy so as to form a new situation for the development of China's agriculture and rural areas. Based on 86 county-level units in Gansu province, this paper constructs an agricultural and rural innovation-driven development evaluation index system, including 28 secondary indexes from three dimensions of innovation input, innovation guarantee, and innovation effect, and comprehensively evaluates the level of innovation development in rural areas. The results show that: (1) The overall innovation score of agriculture and rural areas in the study area is on the rise, but the growth rate is relatively low. The counties and districts with higher scores on comprehensive innovation ability are mainly concentrated in the eastern Hexi region, and those with lower scores are mainly in the southern ethnic regions. The level of innovation guarantee and innovation effect in Hexi is at the forefront of the province, and the level of innovation input in the southern ethnic regions is relatively low. (2) In the east-west direction, the innovation level of agriculture and rural areas is high in the west and low in the east. After 2013, the pattern of "high at both ends and low in the middle" has gradually formed in terms of the innovation level; in the north-south direction, the innovation level is high in the north and low in the south; in the southeast-northwest direction, it is high in the northwest and low in the southeast; in the southwest-northeast direction, it is high in the northeast and low in the southwest. The direction of the innovation index has not changed significantly, and it has a certain degree of lock-in in space. (3) The hot spots of innovation are concentrated in cities of Zhangye, Wuwei and Jinchang in the Hexi region, while the cold spots are mainly in the southern ethnic regions; the number of extremely cold spots and hot spots has decreased, and the gap between county-level agricultural and rural innovation is narrowing. (4) Multiple capital investment, agricultural economic development, natural geographical conditions and resource endowments, agricultural infrastructure allocation, agricultural development policies and other factors act on the spatio-temporal evolution of agricultural and rural innovation in Gansu through internal and external factors combined with both supply and demand of innovation-driven development.

Key words: rural revitalization, agriculture and rural areas, innovation-driven development, evolution mechanism, Gansu province