自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 221-232.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220115

• 其他研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球价值链视角下中国农产品贸易隐含氮、磷、钾研究

朱安丰1(), 郭正权2,3, 解伟1(), TARIQ Ali4, 柳瑛5   

  1. 1.北京大学现代农学院,北京 100871
    2.北方工业大学经济管理学院,北京 100144
    3.北方工业大学北京城市治理研究基地,北京 100144
    4.江西农业大学经济管理学院,南昌 330045
    5.对外经济贸易大学教育与开放经济研究中心,北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-12 修回日期:2021-06-29 出版日期:2022-01-28 发布日期:2022-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 解伟(1985- ),男,山西晋城人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为气候变化与粮食安全政策。E-mail: xiewei. ccap@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:朱安丰(1995- ),男,山东菏泽人,硕士,研究方向为产业发展与产业政策。E-mail: zhu1ncut@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFA0602604);国家自然科学基金项目(71922002);国家自然科学基金项目(71873009)

Research on embodied nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in China's agricultural trade from the perspective of global value chain

ZHU An-feng1(), GUO Zheng-quan2,3, XIE Wei1(), TARIQ Ali4, LIU Ying5   

  1. 1. China Center for Agricultural Policy, School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, China
    3. Beijing Urban Governance Research Center, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, China
    4. School of Economics and Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
    5. Institute of Education and Economy Research, University of International Business and Economy, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2020-10-12 Revised:2021-06-29 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-03-28

摘要:

基于GTAP数据库提供的多区域投入产出表,采用全球价值链方法测算中国农产品贸易中隐含的化肥转移,并按照农产品最终消费的地理位置将其分解为四部分。研究发现:(1)中国农产品进口为国内节约640万t化肥(占我国化肥用量的13%),同时引起全球化肥用量节约285万t,为缓解全球资源和环境压力做出贡献;(2)中国农产品贸易深度参与全球价值链,进口农产品中隐含的化肥有12%会再次出口到全球,意味着农产品贸易背后隐含的资源到达中国后会再次出口,形成多次跨境转移。建议在全球价值链视角下更为客观地估算农产品贸易隐含的化肥及其他资源环境问题,倡导共同承担贸易引致的资源环境问题。

关键词: 农产品贸易, 全球价值链, 化肥, 多区域投入产出模型

Abstract:

This paper uses a multi-regional input-output table in conjunction with the global value chains (GVC) method to estimate the transfer of virtual fertilizers via China's global trade of agricultural products. The virtual fertilizers are divided into four types according to the form and the geographical location of agricultural products where they are finally consumed. We found that China's agricultural imports saved 6.4 million tons of fertilizer, accounting for 13% of China's fertilizer use) and saved 2.85 million tons of fertilizer globally, which alleviated global resource and environmental pressure. China's agricultural trade was deeply involved in the global value chains, and about 12% of the fertilizers imported through agricultural products were re-exported to other countries, which means that the resources embodied in the agricultural trade were exported again after arriving in China formed multiple cross-border transfers. It is suggested that the amount of fertilizers and other resources and environmental problems implied in agricultural trade should be estimated more objectively from the perspective of the global value chains, and the global community should share the resource and environmental problems caused by trade.

Key words: agricultural trade, global value chains, fertilizer, multi-region input-output model