自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 96-109.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220107

• 其他研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论农村人居环境整治与乡村振兴

李裕瑞1,2,3(), 曹丽哲1,2, 王鹏艳4, 常贵蒋1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.自然资源部退化及未利用土地整治工程重点实验室,北京 100101
    4.成都理工大学旅游与城乡规划学院,成都 610059
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-23 修回日期:2020-04-29 出版日期:2022-01-28 发布日期:2022-03-28
  • 作者简介:李裕瑞(1983- ),男,四川隆昌人,博士,副研究员,硕士生导师,研究方向为土地整治与村镇发展。E-mail: lyr2008@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971220);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA23070300)

Rural living environment improvement and rural revitalization

LI Yu-rui1,2,3(), CAO Li-zhe1,2, WANG Peng-yan4, CHANG Gui-jiang1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Degraded and Unused Land Consolidation Engineering, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Tourism and Urban-Rural Planning, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
  • Received:2020-03-23 Revised:2020-04-29 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-03-28

摘要:

21世纪以来,中国乡村社会经济发展与基础设施建设取得明显成效,但城乡发展不平衡、乡村发展不充分的问题仍较突出。特别是与乡村生活密切相关的人居环境仍为乡村发展的短板。2018年初,国家出台了《农村人居环境整治三年行动方案》,以着力改善农村人居环境,建设美丽宜居乡村,助力乡村振兴战略。本文解析了农村人居环境及其整治的概念与内涵,阐释了农村人居环境整治与乡村振兴的相互作用机理,剖析了农村人居环境整治的运行模式,梳理了整治成效的评价方法与结果,并展望了农村人居环境整治研究的重点领域。农村人居环境科学在过去十余年取得了快速发展,在基本理论、演化机理、质量评价、调控策略等方面有明显进展。但是,当前研究对于实践的指导性和支撑性仍存在明显不足,地方具体整治工作仍存在一些认识上或实践上的误区。面向乡村振兴战略需求,新时期的农村人居环境整治在认识和实践方面要形成“八项共识”。在研究层面,应强化乡村地理学与工程技术科学、城乡规划学、管理学、社会学等的交叉与融合,着力形成集理论研究、技术研发、机制剖析、成效评估、模式优化等于一体的系统性研究体系,可更好地支撑农村人居环境整治,实现乡村地域功能显化和价值提升,进而有效助力乡村振兴。

关键词: 农村人居环境, 农村人居环境整治, 乡村发展, 乡村功能, 乡村价值, 乡村振兴

Abstract:

Since the 21st century, China's rural social and economic development and infrastructure construction have attained remarkable achievements, but the imbalance between urban and rural development and inadequate rural development are still prominent. In particular, the living environment closely related to rural life is still the short board of rural development. At the beginning of 2018, the central government issued the three-year action plan for rural living environment improvement (RLEI) to focus on improving the rural living environment, building a beautiful and livable village, and pursuing the Rural Revitalization Strategy. This paper analyzes the concept and connotation of RLEI, explains the mechanism of RLEI promoting rural revitalization, combs the mode and mechanism, effect and evaluation of RLEI, and discusses the key areas of strengthening the research of RLEI. The science of rural living environment has developed rapidly in the past 10 years, and has made remarkable progress in basic theory, evolution mechanism, quality evaluation, regulation and control strategy, especially in the research of basic theory, evolution mechanism and quality evaluation. However, there are still obvious deficiencies in the guidance and support of the current research for practice, and there are still some misunderstandings in the practice of local specific RLEI. Facing the strategic needs of rural revitalization, we need to form "eight consensus" in the understanding and practice of RLEI in the new era. In terms of research, we should strengthen the intersection and integration of rural geography and engineering technology science, urban and rural planning science, management science, sociology, etc., and strive to form a systematic research system integrating theoretical research, technological development, mechanism analysis, effectiveness evaluation, and model optimization, which can better support the improvement of rural living environment and realize the function and value enhancement of rural areas, and then effectively contribute to the Rural Revitalization Strategy.

Key words: rural living environment, rural living environment improvement, rural development, rural function, rural value, rural revitalization