自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 2736-2747.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20211102

• “中国红色旅游资源创新开发”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

红色旅游传承红色记忆的理论逻辑与动态过程

李卫飞(), 方世敏, 阎友兵, 马丽君   

  1. 湘潭大学,湘潭 411105
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-08 修回日期:2021-08-08 出版日期:2021-11-28 发布日期:2022-01-28
  • 作者简介:李卫飞(1987- ),男,河南郏县人,博士,讲师,研究方向为休闲与社会发展。E-mail: feiweili@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71904146);湖南省社会科学基金项目(16YBQ065)

Research on the theoretical logic and dynamic process of red tourism inheriting red memory

LI Wei-fei(), FANG Shi-min, YAN You-bing, MA Li-jun   

  1. Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan, China
  • Received:2021-02-08 Revised:2021-08-08 Online:2021-11-28 Published:2022-01-28

摘要:

红色旅游在传承红色记忆方面发挥着重要作用,但对红色旅游为什么能够传承红色记忆,以及红色旅游传承红色记忆的具体过程等基础问题尚缺乏深入的理论探讨。以文化记忆理论和互动仪式链理论为依据,论证了红色记忆作为文化记忆、红色旅游作为仪式的理论合理性,明确了红色记忆传承的基本规律,提出了红色旅游传承红色记忆的理论逻辑和动态过程模型,并进一步讨论了红色旅游作为一种仪式在传承红色记忆方面的独特价值、作用边界、融合发展和实践路径等问题。研究结论有助于红色旅游理论研究者从更普适性的视角和更深的理论层次认识红色旅游与红色记忆之间的关系,为实践领域更好地开展红色旅游工作提供了基础理论支持。

关键词: 红色记忆, 红色旅游, 文化记忆, 互动仪式

Abstract:

Red tourism plays an important role in transmitting red memory, but there is a lack of in-depth theoretical discussion on the basic questions of why red tourism can transmit red memory and the specific process of transmitting red memory by red tourism. With the help of cultural memory theory and interactive ritual chain theory, this study attempts to conduct an in-depth theoretical discussion on the mechanism of action and dynamic process of red memory inherited by red tourism, in order to contribute to the basic theoretical framework of red tourism. In the specific theoretical analysis, this study firstly argues the cultural memory attribute of red memory, and then uses the cultural memory theory to analyze the basic laws of red memory transmission. On this basis, combined with the special characteristics of red memory, it clarifies the important role of ritual system in transmitting, evoking and consolidating red memory. Secondly, by analyzing the rationality of red tourism activities as a kind of ritual, this study puts forward the theoretical logic of red tourism activities in transmitting red memories, and proves the theoretical "legitimacy" of red tourism as a means of transmitting red memories. Again, considering the interactive nature of red tourism activities, this study puts forward the dynamic process model of red tourism activities in transmitting, evoking and consolidating red memories on the basis of the theory of interactive ritual chain. This model theoretically explains the specific process of red tourism activities as rituals to transmit, evoke and consolidate red memories. From the research results, cultural memory theory and interactive ritual chain theory, provide a broad theoretical exploration and rich theoretical details for the study of the relationship between red tourism and red memory, and through the application of these two theories, we have a bettter understanding of the inner logic and specific process of red tourism in transmitting red memory from a more general perspective and at a deeper level. However, it must be acknowledged that the above theoretical logic and process models are based on theoretical derivations and still lack the necessary empirical research evidence, so future research will focus on validating and revising them through empirical studies and case studies. The findings of the article help red tourism theoretical researchers understand the relationship between red tourism and red memory from a more universal perspective and at a deeper theoretical level, and provide basic theoretical support for better red tourism work in the practical field.

Key words: red memory, red tourism, cultural memory, interactive ceremony