自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 2604-2614.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20211011

• “城乡融合发展”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游对全面脱贫与乡村振兴作用的途径与模式——“旅游扶贫与乡村振兴”专家笔谈

孙九霞1,2(), 徐新建3, 王宁4, 谢彦君5, 马波6, 章锦河7, 杨勇8, 李菲3, 廖婧琳9, 翁时秀10   

  1. 1.中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
    2.中山大学旅游休闲与社会发展研究中心,广州 510275
    3.四川大学文学与新闻学院,成都 610065
    4.中山大学社会学与人类学学院,广州 510275
    5.海南大学旅游体验研究与设计中心,海口 570208
    6.青岛大学旅游与地理科学学院,青岛 266071
    7.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    8.华东师范大学工商管理学院,上海 200062
    9.贵州财经大学工商学院,贵阳 550025
    10.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-01 修回日期:2020-07-18 出版日期:2021-10-28 发布日期:2021-12-28
  • 作者简介:孙九霞(1969- ),女,山东潍坊人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为旅游人类学和旅游社会学,涉及旅游与乡村地区发展、传统村落保护与利用、旅游与族群关系等。E-mail: sunjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    贵州省哲学社会科学规划国学单列课题(19GZX17)

Ways and patterns of tourism's role in poverty alleviation and rural revitalization: Expert discussion on "Tourism for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Revitalization"

SUN Jiu-xia1,2(), XU Xin-jian3, WANG Ning4, XIE Yan-jun5, MA Bo6, ZHANG Jin-he7, YANG Yong8, LI Fei3, LIAO Jing-lin9, WENG Shi-xiu10   

  1. 1. School of Tourism, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Research Center of Tourism, Leisure and Social Development, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. School of Literature and Journalism, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
    4. School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    5. Center For Tourism Experience Research and Design, Hainan University, Haikou 570208, China
    6. School of Tourism and Geographical Sciences, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, China
    7. School of Geography and Marine Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    8. School of Business Administration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    9. School of Business and Business, Guizhou University of Finance and Economics, Guiyang 550025, China
    10. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2021-03-01 Revised:2020-07-18 Online:2021-10-28 Published:2021-12-28

摘要:

如何借助旅游发展将脱贫攻坚同乡村振兴战略有机结合起来,是新时代背景下乡村地区发展的重要议题。针对旅游扶贫与乡村振兴所面临的挑战与机遇,来自旅游学、人类学、社会学和地理学的10位专家依据“理论辨析—作用途径—作用模式”逻辑进行了跨学科研讨与对话。为实现这一目标,需要充分认识以往旅游扶贫中遗留的不均衡、不充分等发展问题,坚持乡村正位,确立城乡平等“互哺”的关系;厘清传统村落保护与乡村振兴的辩证关系,厘清乡村性、乡村旅游与乡村振兴之间的多重逻辑关系;区分明确区域差异和发展阶段差异,并因时因地制宜;需要协同多元主体,尊重村民理性,提升乡村居民公民性;探索慢旅游、数字经济与乡村旅游融合等创新发展路径。

关键词: 旅游扶贫, 乡村振兴, 乡村旅游

Abstract:

How to integrate poverty alleviation with Rural Revitalization Strategy with the help of tourism development is an important issue in the development of rural areas in the new era. In order to achieve this goal, we need to fully understand the unbalanced and inadequate development problems left over in the past tourism poverty alleviation, adhere to the rural orientation, establish the equal "mutual feeding" relationship between urban and rural areas, clarify the dialectical relationship between traditional village protection and rural revitalization, clarify the multiple logical relationship between rural nature, rural tourism and rural revitalization, and distinguish the regional differences and development stages. It is necessary to coordinate multiple subjects, respect villagers' rationality, enhance the citizenship of rural residents, and explore innovative development paths such as slow tourism, digital economy and rural tourism integration.

Key words: PPT (pro-poverty tourism), rural revitalization, rural tourism