自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 2571-2584.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20211009

• “秦岭生态文明建设”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

恢复力视角下秦岭贫困山区乡村振兴潜力研究

韩文维(), 陈佳, 袁倩文, 杨新军()   

  1. 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-28 修回日期:2020-12-22 出版日期:2021-10-28 发布日期:2021-12-28
  • 通讯作者: 杨新军(1972- ),男,陕西扶风人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为社会—生态系统恢复力与城乡转型发展。E-mail: yangxj@nwu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:韩文维(1994- ),女,山西吕梁人,硕士,研究方向为乡村社会—生态系统恢复力。E-mail: hanwenweigeo@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771574);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(19YJCZH006)

Rural revitalization potential and influencing factors in poor mountainous areas of Qinling Mountains from the perspective of resilience

HAN Wen-wei(), CHEN Jia, YUAN Qian-wen, YANG Xin-jun()   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2020-09-28 Revised:2020-12-22 Online:2021-10-28 Published:2021-12-28

摘要:

恢复力概念为秦岭贫困山区乡村发展研究提供了新的视角,从恢复力视角研究乡村振兴潜力,对于提高贫困山区乡村内生发展动力、实现乡村有效振兴具有重要意义。以秦岭贫困山区商洛市为案例,在理论构建的基础上,建立贫困山区乡村恢复力评价体系测度恢复力指数,采用空间主成分分析法识别恢复力关键影响因素,据此提出三区县乡村振兴潜力类型分类。研究结果表明:(1)商洛市三个区县各镇办的恢复力指数呈集聚分布态势,恢复力整体上处于偏低水平状态。(2)环境因素、经济因素对乡村社区恢复力起到决定作用。(3)三区县乡村振兴潜力可分为四种类型:均衡发展潜力区、农业主导潜力区、农业旅游兼营潜力区和地理环境限制潜力区,根据其资源禀赋和现状发展条件提出针对性的乡村振兴策略。

关键词: 恢复力, 空间主成分分析, 秦岭贫困山区, 乡村振兴

Abstract:

The concept of resilience provides a new perspective for the study of rural development in poor mountainous areas of the Qinling Mountains. Research on the potential of rural revitalization from the perspective of resilience is of great significance for improving the endogenous development momentum of poor mountainous villages and realizing effective rural revitalization. This paper takes Shangluo, a mountainous city of Qinling as a case. Based on the theoretical construction, the paper establishes a poverty-stricken mountainous village resilience evaluation system to measure the resilience index, and uses spatial principal component analysis to identify the restoration ability. Based on the key influencing factors of power, the classification system of the potential types of rural revitalization in the three districts and counties is proposed. The research results show that: (1) The resilience index of the three districts and counties of Shangluo is in a concentrated distribution, and the resilience is generally low. (2) Environmental and economic factors play a decisive role in the resilience of rural communities. (3) The rural revitalization potential of the three districts and counties can be divided into four types: balanced development potential area, agricultural leading potential area, agricultural tourism concurrently operating potential area, and geographical environment restricted potential area. Targeted measures for revitalization strategy are proposed according to their resource endowments and current development conditions.

Key words: resilience, spatial principal component analysis, Qinling Mountains poor mountainous areas, rural revitalization