自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 2449-2463.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20211001

• •    下一篇

新时期秦岭生态文明建设:存在问题与发展路径

李君轶1,2(), 傅伯杰3,4, 孙九林5,6, 洪增林7,8, 张百平5, 王晓峰9, 白红英10, 王飞11,12, 赵振斌1, 曹小曙13   

  1. 1.陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710119
    2.陕西省旅游信息科学重点实验室,西安 710119
    3.中国科学院生态环境研究中心,北京 100085
    4.城市与区域生态国家重点实验室,北京 100085
    5.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    6.国家地球系统科学数据中心,北京 100101
    7.陕西省地质调查院,西安 710054
    8.中国—上合组织地学研究中心卫星遥感应用中心,西安 710054
    9.长安大学土地工程学院,西安 710064
    10.西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
    11.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所,杨凌 712100
    12.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所,杨凌 712100
    13.陕西师范大学西北国土资源研究中心,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-24 修回日期:2021-08-31 出版日期:2021-10-28 发布日期:2021-12-28
  • 作者简介:李君轶(1975- ),男,宁夏固原人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事资源调查与开发、旅游地理研究。E-mail: lijunyi9@snnu.edu.cn。其他作者为共同第二作者。
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础资源调查专项(2017FY100900)

Ecological civilization construction at Qinling Mountains in the New Era

LI Jun-yi1,2(), FU Bo-jie3,4, SUN Jiu-lin5,6, HONG Zeng-lin7,8, ZHANG Bai-ping5, WANG Xiao-feng9, BAI Hong-ying10, WANG Fei11,12, ZHAO Zhen-bin1, CAO Xiao-shu13   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Tourism Informatics, Xi'an 710119, China
    3. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
    4. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
    5. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    6. National Earth System Science Data Center, Beijing 100101, China
    7. Shaanxi Institute of Geological Survey, Xi'an 710054, China
    8. China-SCO Geoscience Research Center, Satellite Remote Sensing Application Center, Xi'an 710054, China
    9. School of Land Engineering, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710064, China
    10. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    11. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, CAS, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
    12. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
    13. Northwest Land and Resource Research Center, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
  • Received:2021-08-24 Revised:2021-08-31 Online:2021-10-28 Published:2021-12-28

摘要:

生态文明建设是我国的重大战略,秦岭在我国生态文明建设中具有重要的战略地位,为了清晰认识秦岭在生态文明建设中存在的问题及发展路径,邀请来自不同领域的相关专家就秦岭生态格局与地理过程、科学考察、水资源保护等研究前沿进行访谈,访谈结果表明:在全球气候变化和人类活动深刻影响下,新时期的秦岭生态保护与可持续发展,更要深入认识秦岭在中国乃至世界生态文明建设中的重要意义。综合自然科学与社会科学的理论知识,从系统整体、动态交互等视角持续关注秦岭的重大科学命题。通过综合科学考察及“空—天—地”一体智能监测技术和数据支撑,持续深度挖掘数据,探索新科学问题,在发现秦岭独特地理现象和规律的同时,从机理上深入理解秦岭作为南北地理分界线的生态环境效应,揭示生态系统服务功能及其在维护国家生态安全上的关键作用,开展“基于自然”的秦岭生态保护和修复研究;在新流动性范式下,用动态的眼光看待移民安置工程,关注不同群体和类型移民的生计,通过多元化保障体系解决移民问题;在气候变化大背景下,重视秦岭对气候变化和人为活动的响应研究,摸清秦岭水资源的演化规律和变化趋势,开展系统治理工作,保障水资源的长期安全供给,推进区域的社会经济可持续发展。从而为秦岭生态文明建设和可持续发展提供科学可行的理论和决策支持。

关键词: 地理过程, 生态系统, 科学考察, 乡村振兴, 生态安全, 水资源管理

Abstract:

The construction of ecological civilization is an important national strategy in China, and the Qinling Mountains play a strategic position in the construction of ecological civilization in China. To clearly understand the existing problems and paths of ecological civilization construction in the Qinling-Daba Mountains, nine well-known researchers from different fields were invited in an interview on cutting-edge research topics in the Qinling Mountains. The interview covered such topics as ecological patterns and geographic processes, scientific investigations, rural revitalization, and water resources protection. The results of the interview show that: to gain a better understanding of the important value of the study area and to carry out the ecological protection and sustainable development in the New Era, it is necessary to understand the ecological and environmental effects of the North-South Transitional Zone of China, reveal the ecosystem service functions, emphasize the pivotal role in maintaining national ecological security, and conduct research on ecological protection and restoration of the Qinling Mountains. It is significant to continuously monitor the ecological functions, build an intelligent monitoring system integrating "Space-Air-Ground", continue to carry out comprehensive scientific investigations, pay attention to major scientific propositions, discover the unique geographical phenomena and laws of the Qinling Mountains, and form a scientific data sharing mechanism and platform to support regional scientific research and decision support. Under the new mobility paradigm, we should look at the resettlement project from a dynamic perspective, focus on the livelihoods of different groups and types of immigrants, and solve immigration problems through a diversified security system. In the context of climate change, it is necessary to attach importance to the response of the Qinling Mountains to climate change and human activities, strengthen the construction of regional transportation infrastructure, find out the law of evolution and changing trend of Qinling Mountains' water resources, and to carry out systematic management to ensure long-term and safe supply of water resources, and promote sustainable social and economic development.

Key words: geographical process, ecosystem, scientific investigation, rural revitalization, ecological security, water resources management