自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 2437-2448.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210919

• 国土空间安全机制与保障 • 上一篇    

面向国土空间安全的工业园区风险监测评估系统设计思路

李哲睿1,2, 甄峰1,2, 张姗琪1,2, 崔喆1,2, 张一鸣1,2, 李智轩1,2   

  1. 1.南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
    2.江苏省智慧城市设计仿真与可视化技术工程实验室,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-01 修回日期:2020-08-13 出版日期:2021-09-28 发布日期:2021-11-28
  • 通讯作者: 甄峰(1973- ),男,陕西汉中人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为智慧城市、大数据与城市
  • 作者简介:李哲睿(1990- ),男,江苏南京人,博士研究生,研究方向为智慧城市、大数据与城市规划。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(20AZD040)

Design idea of risk monitoring and evaluation system for industrial park oriented to territorial spatial safety

LI Zhe-rui1,2, ZHEN Feng1,2, ZHANG Shan-qi1,2, CUI Zhe1,2, ZHANG Yi-ming1,2, LI Zhi-xuan1,2   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Smart City Design Simulation & Visualization, Jiangsu, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2020-06-01 Revised:2020-08-13 Online:2021-09-28 Published:2021-11-28

摘要:

随着城市化的推进,城市的脆弱性不断加剧。近年来频发的生产安全事故,凸显了传统风险治理范式的局限性。源头防控、多元参与、数据驱动是当下生产安全风险治理的重要议题,而多元主体风险和系统性风险是治理的焦点。以整体性思维为指引,建构“三生”空间相互作用下的“双环模型”,为安全多维及时空多维视角下生产安全风险的治理提供理论基础和总体思路。挖掘信息技术对国土空间动态监测、风险认知积累和风险防控能力成长的积极作用,提出“扁平化”的风险监测评估框架体系并探讨信息平台的需求与架构。以风险交织的化工行业为例,重点关注工业园区主导下的生产安全风险多元防控范式和基础框架,为不同行业的多类型风险防控提供思路借鉴。

关键词: 双环模型, 风险多元防控范式, 智慧监测评估, 框架体系

Abstract:

With the development of urbanization, the vulnerability of cities is increasing. In recent years, frequent production accidents highlight the limitations of traditional risk management paradigm. Source prevention and control, multiple actors' participation, and data-driving are important issues in the current production safety risk management. How to link the concept of territorial spatial safety with the demands of industry production safety is an important cornerstone to promote the sustainable development of economy and society. It is necessary to introduce holistic thinking to innovate the management normal form of industry production safety risks. The risk generating ring and territorial spatial ring (double ring conceptual model) under the mutual construction of "three living" spaces are the theoretical basis of risk management from the perspective of multidimensional safety and spatio-temporal distribution. The model points out the overall idea of focusing on the source of risk and expanding the perspective, means and main body of risk prevention and control. It aims at mining the positive role of information technology in territorial dynamic monitoring and risk cognition accumulation, and then building a "flat" risk monitoring and evaluation framework to explore the needs and functions of the "brain" - information platform. Taking the chemical industry as an example, this paper focuses on the multiple actors' prevention and control paradigm and proposes a basic framework of production safety risk under the leadership of industrial parks, so as to provide reference for the formulation of risk prevention and control schemes for different industries.

Key words: double ring model, multiple prevention paradigm for risks, smart monitoring and evaluation, technical framework