自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 2281-2293.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210908

• 国土空间安全规划体系构建 • 上一篇    下一篇

从安全防灾到韧性建设——国土空间治理背景下韧性规划的探索与展望

吕悦风1(), 项铭涛1, 王梦婧2, 吴次芳1()   

  1. 1.浙江大学公共管理学院,杭州 310058
    2.浙江农林大学风景园林与建筑学院,杭州 311300
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-14 修回日期:2021-03-04 出版日期:2021-09-28 发布日期:2021-11-28
  • 通讯作者: 吴次芳(1954- ),男,浙江温州人,博士,教授,研究方向为土地资源管理、国土空间规划、国土综合整治与生态修复。E-mail: wucifang@zju.edu.cn
    吴次芳(1954- ),男,浙江温州人,博士,教授,研究方向为土地资源管理、国土空间规划、国土综合整治与生态修复。E-mail: wucifang@zju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:吕悦风(1993- ),男,浙江杭州人,博士研究生,研究方向为国土空间规划。E-mail: lyf93520@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDA039)

From disaster prevention to resilience construction: Exploration and prospect of resilience planning under the background of territorial governance

LYU Yue-feng1(), XIANG Ming-tao1, WANG Meng-jing2, WU Ci-fang1()   

  1. 1. School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
    2. School of Landscape Architecture, Zhejiang Agricultural and Forestry University, Hangzhou 311300, China
  • Received:2020-12-14 Revised:2021-03-04 Online:2021-09-28 Published:2021-11-28

摘要:

新形势下城市巨系统面临更多不确定性风险与未知扰动,要求安全防灾规划从目标对象、战略定位、技术手段与规划理念等方面做出适应调整,通过韧性城市建设引领区域安全稳定发展。对韧性城市的概念起源、理论发展与实践探索进行了梳理和评述,并结合我国“多规合一”后的国土空间规划体系改革,对空间治理背景下韧性规划的内涵特征、层级类型、流程形式与公共治理进行认识与思考;并从深化韧性城市的理论构建与机理研究、转变规划编制的设计思路和实践流程、完善韧性实践中的规划传导和尺度治理、关注韧性建设中的基层治理和公众参与四个方面,提出韧性规划的实践路径展望,力求有序推进我国城市公共安全现代化治理建设。

关键词: 空间治理, 国土空间规划, 韧性城市, 国际进展, 认知框架

Abstract:

The urban system is faced with more uncertain risks and unknown disturbances in the coming future, which requires that the urban safety and disaster prevention planning should carry out adaptive adjustment in terms of target object, strategic positioning, technical means, planning concept, etc., so as to achieve regional security and stable development through flexible urban design. In this paper, we summarize and comment the theoretical development and practical exploration of resilient city. Combined with the construction of territorial planning system after "multi planning integration" in China, we reconsider the connotation characteristic, process structure, form content and public governance of resilient planning under the background of territorial governance. Then we put forward practice outlook of urban resilience and safety planning from four aspects, including deepening the theoretical construction and mechanism research of resilient city, changing the design thought and practice flow of planning, improving management and control transmission and scale governance in the practice, and focusing on the grassroots governance and public participation in resilience design. All the efforts are contributed to promote the modernization of urban public security governance construction in China.

Key words: space governance, territorial space planning, resilience city, international progress, cognitive framework