自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (8): 1909-1922.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210801

• “生态系统评估”专栏 •    下一篇

生态系统服务供需关系研究进展与趋势展望

申嘉澍1,2(), 李双成1,2(), 梁泽1,2, 王玥瑶1,2, 孙福月1,2   

  1. 1.北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2.北京大学地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-03 修回日期:2020-06-16 出版日期:2021-08-28 发布日期:2021-10-28
  • 通讯作者: 李双成(1961- ),男,河北平山人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为土地利用与覆被变化的生态效应及政策。E-mail: scli@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:申嘉澍(1994- ),男,河北保定人,博士研究生,研究方向为自然资产核算。E-mail: jiashu_shen@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(41590843)

Research progress and prospect for the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands

SHEN Jia-shu1,2(), LI Shuang-cheng1,2(), LIANG Ze1,2, WANG Yue-yao1,2, SUN Fu-yue1,2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-01-03 Revised:2020-06-16 Online:2021-08-28 Published:2021-10-28

摘要:

厘清生态系统服务供需关系,对于实现自然资本永续利用与生态系统服务供需协调具有重要意义。结合国内外生态系统服务研究情况,提出了生态系统服务供需关系研究框架,阐释了生态系统服务供需关系形成机制与表现形式,概括了生态系统服务供需关系基本特征,总结了生态系统服务供需关系研究方法,并梳理了未来可能研究方向,以期能够为生态系统服务研究与管理提供参考。总体来看,生态系统服务供需关系产生于两种非排他性机制,主要有簇、权衡、协同与兼容四种表现形式,并具有空间异质性、时间变异性与尺度效应特征;生态系统服务供需关系主要有指数构建与评估、指标统计与分析、情景制定与模拟及空间制图与分析四种研究方法。

关键词: 生态系统服务供需关系, 形成机制, 表现形式, 基本特征, 研究方法

Abstract:

Understanding the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands is of vital importance for sustainably utilizing natural capital and coordinating ecosystem services supplies and demands. According to the previous research on ecosystem services at home and abroad, the research framework of the relationships among ecosystem services supplies and demands was put forward in this study. Within this framework, the formation mechanisms and representations of the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands were explained, the basic characteristics of the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands were summarized, and the potential research focuses were proposed, which could provide a guidance for the studies on the ecosystem services and the governance of ecosystem services. In general, there were two non-exclusive mechanisms that formed the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands. On the basis of these formation mechanisms, the representations of the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands included bundles, trade-offs, synergies and no-effect relationships. In terms of the characteristics, the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands could be spatially heterogeneous, temporally variable and scale dependent. The construction and evaluation of indexes, statistical analysis of indicators, development and simulation of scenarios, and spatial mappings and analysis were the four main methods to study the relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands.

Key words: relationships between ecosystem services supplies and demands, formation mechanism, representation, characteristic, research method