自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1700-1717.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210706

• “中国红色旅游资源创新开发”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于“乡土—生态”系统韧性的红色旅游资源利用空间格局优化研究——以大别山革命老区为例

朱媛媛1,2(), 汪紫薇1,2, 顾江1,2(), 余瑞林1,2   

  1. 1.华中师范大学地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430079
    2.湖北省发展和改革委员会/华中师范大学武汉城市圈研究院,武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-14 修回日期:2021-02-02 出版日期:2021-07-28 发布日期:2021-09-28
  • 通讯作者: 顾江(1988-),男,北京人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划。E-mail: gujiang@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:朱媛媛(1985-),女,河南兰考人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划、文化地理学。E-mail: zhuyy990@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071170);国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD1100804)

The spatial optimization of red tourism resources utilization based on the resilience of "ruralism-ecology" system: A case study of Dabie Mountains Old Revolutionary Base Area

ZHU Yuan-yuan1,2(), WANG Zi-wei1,2, GU Jiang1,2(), YU Rui-lin1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographic Process Analysis & Simulation Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission & Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2020-12-14 Revised:2021-02-02 Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-09-28

摘要:

红色旅游资源利用与开发将对旅游地的人地关系地域系统产生强烈扰动,基于“乡土—生态”系统韧性水平厘定红色旅游资源利用空间格局,有利于推动红色旅游资源开发与区域可持续发展共促共赢。以大别山革命老区为例,从经济、社会、文化、生态四方面构建红色旅游地“乡土—生态”系统韧性水平评价体系,并对红色旅游资源的空间特征与类型进行识别。研究结果为:(1)各县域“乡土—生态”系统韧性以中低水平为主,呈“中部高、四周低”的空间分布特征。(2)区域内各子系统韧性处于勉强协调状态,县级行政单元的协调度呈现中等水平多、较高与较低水平少的“橄榄型”等级结构。(3)红色旅游资源的冷、热点区分别位于大别山南北两侧及中心地带,呈现出“大集聚、小分散”的特征,根据其规模、影响力划为五种聚类分区。(4)依据“乡土—生态”系统韧性在红色旅游资源高富集区可通过内部要素重构向更高水平发展、在中低密度区因吸纳和适应外界扰动力较弱而与红色旅游资源开发相互抑制这一特征,初步厘定“三区、两带、三核心”的红色旅游资源利用空间格局,并针对不同区域从“乡土—生态”系统韧性视角下提出差异化建议,以期排除红色旅游资源开发对“乡土—生态”系统产生的干扰。

关键词: “乡土—生态”系统, 红色旅游资源, 系统韧性, 空间优化, 大别山革命老区

Abstract:

The red tourism resources utilization and development of tourist destination have a strong disturbance to human-earth areal system. Based on the resilience evaluation of "ruralism-ecology" system, this study presents a spatial utilization pattern of red tourism resources, which is conducive to promoting the development of red tourism resources and regional sustainable development mutual win-win situation. Taking the Dabie Mountains Old Revolutionary Base Area as an example, we constructed a resilience level evaluation system of the "ruralism-ecology" system of red tourism from four aspects of economy, society, culture and ecology, and identified the spatial characteristics and types of red tourism resources. The results showed that: (1) The resilience of "ruralism-ecology" system in each county was mainly at the middle and low levels, characterised by "high in the middle and low in the surroundings". (2) The resilience of subsystems in the region was barely coordinated, and the coordination of county-level administrative units presented an "olive-shaped" hierarchical structure with more counties at medium level and less counties at high and low levels. (3) The cold spot and hot spot areas of red tourism resources located on the north and south sides of the Dabie Mountains and the central part of the study area, showed a pattern of "large agglomeration, and small dispersion", which were divided into 5 clusters based on their scale and influence. (4) In areas with high concentrations of red tourism resources, the resilience of the "ruralism-ecology" system can be developed to a higher level through the reconstruction of internal elements. In the low- and medium-density areas of red tourism, the resilience of the "ruralism-ecology" system was weak in absorbing and adapting to external disturbances, which inhibited the development of red tourism resources. According to the evaluation results, the spatial pattern of red tourism resources utilization of "three regions, two belts and three cores" can be constructed preliminarily, and differentiated suggestions were put forward from the perspective of "ruralism-ecology" system resilience in different regions. The research results aim to mitigate the interference of the development of red tourism resources to the "ruralism-ecology" system.

Key words: "ruralism-ecology" system, red tourism resources, system resilience, space optimization, Dabie Mountains Old Revolutionary Base Area