自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1631-1646.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210701

• “中国红色旅游资源创新开发”专栏 •    下一篇

延安城市居民红色记忆的建构路径与代际差异

白凯1,2,3(), 康晓媛1, 王博林1   

  1. 1.陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710119
    2.陕西省旅游信息化工程实验室,西安 710119
    3.陕西省旅游信息科学重点实验室,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-18 修回日期:2021-05-10 出版日期:2021-07-28 发布日期:2021-09-28
  • 作者简介:白凯(1974-),男,陕西西安人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为旅游市场开发与旅游者行为。E-mail: bkshaanxi@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071186);国家自然科学基金项目(41671144);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2019CSWZ007)

Construction path and intergenerational differences of Yan'an urban residents' red memory

BAI Kai1,2,3(), KANG Xiao-yuan1, WANG Bo-lin1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. Shaanxi Tourism Information Engineering Laboratory, Xi'an 710119, China
    3. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Tourism Informatics, Xi'an 710119, China
  • Received:2021-02-18 Revised:2021-05-10 Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-09-28

摘要:

作为贯通于中国现当代社会进步与发展的典型文化现象,红色记忆宏观层面的书写、建构、传承等话题得到了广泛的关注与探讨,但个体层面的红色记忆研究相对空缺并亟待推进。为此,本文以红色资源富集的延安城市核心区为案例地,借助世代研究法,通过对36位当地居民的深度访谈,明晰了红色记忆“宏观—微观”的建构路径与结果,并诠释了延安老中青三代城市居民的红色记忆代际差异。研究发现,宏观层面的记忆要素挖掘、叙事表达与资源活化构筑了居民红色记忆的编码、选择与巩固过程,促使当地居民生成富有时代特色的红色记忆内容,并最终构建了老中青三代权威性、功能性及反思性的差异性红色记忆体系。研究结果折射出记忆建构的社会力量与时代变迁对个体记忆塑造的重要意义,并为规范开展红色记忆实践,推进红色记忆薪火相传提供了理论参照。

关键词: 红色记忆, 记忆建构, 代际差异, 红色资源, 延安

Abstract:

As a typical cultural phenomenon throughout the progress and development of modern and contemporary Chinese society, the writing, construction, inheritance and other topics of red memory at the macro level have been widely concerned and discussed. However, the research on red memory on the individual level is relatively deficient and requires to be promoted. Therefore, this paper takes Yan'an urban core area, which is rich in red resources, as a case study. With the help of generation research method, through in-depth interviews with 36 local residents, this paper interprets the red memory differences among three generations of Yan'an urban residents, and explores the "macro-micro" construction path and results of red memory. The results show that the macro level of memory elements mining, narrative expression and resource activation construct the coding, selection and consolidation process of residents' red memory, promote the local residents to generate red memory content with characteristics of the times, and finally construct the authoritative, functional and reflective red memory system of the old, middle and young generations. The results reflect the significance of the social forces of memory construction and the changing times in shaping the content of individual memory, and provide a theoretical reference for standardizing the practice of red memory and promoting the inheritance of red memory.

Key words: red memory, memory construction, intergenerational differences, red resources, Yan'an