自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 1588-1601.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210618

• 粮食安全治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

传统农区粮食生产转型机制及其安全效应——基于乡村空间治理视角

戈大专1,2(), 孙攀1, 周贵鹏3,4, 卢小雪1   

  1. 1.南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    4.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-03 修回日期:2020-11-06 出版日期:2021-06-28 发布日期:2021-08-28
  • 作者简介:戈大专(1987- ),男,江苏新沂人,博士,讲师,硕士生导师,主要从事乡村空间治理与土地利用转型研究。E-mail: gedz@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901204);教育部人文社会科学基金项目(19YJCZH036);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20190717);江苏省社会科学基金项目(19GLC002)

Grain production transformation mechanism and the security effects in traditional farming areas: The perspective of rural spatial governance

GE Da-zhuan1,2(), SUN Pan1, ZHOU Gui-peng3,4, LU Xiao-xue1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Development and Utilization of Geographic Information Resources, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-08-03 Revised:2020-11-06 Online:2021-06-28 Published:2021-08-28

摘要:

转型期乡村空间利用问题成为影响粮食安全的重要因素,开展乡村空间综合治理成为推动粮食生产有序转型的重要动力。系统分析乡村空间治理导向的粮食生产转型机制及其安全效应,有益于完善粮食安全的理论和实践分析。本文以乡村空间治理导向的粮食生产转型内在机制分析为突破,结合平原农区典型案例进行实证研究,并探讨了乡村空间治理与粮食安全的内在关系。主要结论如下:(1)乡村空间的不合理利用是限制粮食生产高效运转的重要因素。(2)乡村空间“物质—权属—组织”治理,通过改变粮食生产所需的基础条件达到优化粮食生产的目的,推动粮食生产朝着规模化、高效化、绿色化和公正化转型。(3)香埠村空间治理显著改善了该村粮食生产条件,有效协调粮食安全保障与乡村转型发展的交互作用关系。(4)乡村空间治理能力现代化是提升粮食安全保障能力的重要手段和途径。传统农区开展乡村空间“物质—权属—组织”的综合治理,有利于保障转型期粮食安全,落实“藏粮于地”战略,具有现实意义。

关键词: 粮食安全, 乡村空间治理, 粮食生产转型, 乡村振兴, 传统农区

Abstract:

During the transformation period of China, the unreasonable use of rural space has become a major hidden threat to food security. Therefore, the comprehensive governance of rural space has become an important driving force to promote the orderly transformation of grain production. A systematic analysis of the transformation mechanism of grain production guided by rural spatial governance and its security effects is beneficial for the improvement of the theoretical analysis of food security. Taking the internal mechanism of the transformation of grain production guided by rural spatial governance as a breakthrough, this paper conducts an empirical study in combination with typical cases of traditional farming area, and discusses the interactive relationship between rural spatial governance and food security. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) Unreasonable use of rural space is a factor that restricts the efficient operation of grain production. (2) Rural space "matter-ownership-organization" governance, through changing the software and hardware foundation needed for grain production, can achieve the purpose of optimizing the transformation of grain production, and promote the grain production towards a large-scale, high efficiency, green and fair transformation. (3) The spatial governance of Xiangbu village has significantly improved the conditions of grain production and effectively promoted the coordination and interaction between food security and rural transformation. (4) The modernization of rural spatial governance capacity is an important means to promote the modernization of the ability to ensure food security. The comprehensive governance of "matter-ownership-organization" in traditional agricultural areas can ensure food security during the transformation period, and is favourable to the implementation of the strategy of "storing food in land", which is of practical significance.

Key words: food security, rural spatial governance, grain production transformation, rural revitalization, traditional farming areas