自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 1316-1333.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210517

• 其他研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

国际旅游组织介入背景下山岳型景区治理演化路径研究

尹寿兵1,2(), 刘红婷1   

  1. 1.安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,芜湖 241002
    2.安徽师范大学旅游发展与规划研究中心,芜湖 241002
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-10 修回日期:2020-12-07 出版日期:2021-05-28 发布日期:2021-07-28
  • 作者简介:尹寿兵(1978- ),男,安徽和县人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要从事社区参与旅游,景区治理,旅游小企业研究。E-mail: ysblyx@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301159)

Research on governance evolution path of mountain scenic spots under the background of international tourism organization

YIN Shou-bing1,2(), LIU Hong-ting1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
    2. Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
  • Received:2020-08-10 Revised:2020-12-07 Online:2021-05-28 Published:2021-07-28

摘要:

景区治理是旅游研究的重要内容。伴随着全球一体化发展,国际旅游组织在景区治理中的地位和作用逐渐凸显。以路径创造理论为基础,综合运用文献分析、参与式观察和深度访谈等质性研究方法,以黄山风景区为例,构建了旅游发展的路径创造分析框架,探讨在国际旅游组织介入背景下,山岳型景区治理模式的演化过程及其影响。研究发现:(1)国际旅游组织介入改变了景区治理主体和治理结构,为黄山风景区治理创造了新的路径,也是推动其治理模式演化的重要力量。(2)从申报主体、作用路径、涉及范围、影响内容与介入成效等5个维度具体分析,黄山风景区加入国际旅游组织后经历了三次路径创造,并产生了明显的不同效应。(3)国际旅游组织介入对黄山风景区内部治理、毗邻社区参与治理经验输出三个方面均产生了显著的影响。

关键词: 路径创造, 山岳型景区, 旅游治理, 国际旅游组织, 黄山风景区

Abstract:

Scenic spot governance is an important part of tourism research. With the development of global integration, the status and role of international tourism organizations in scenic spot governance are gradually highlighted. Taking Huangshan Scenic Spot as an example, based on the theory of path creation and using qualitative research methods such as literature analysis, participatory observation and in-depth interview, this paper constructs an analysis framework of tourism development path creation, and discusses the evolution process and influence of mountain scenic area governance under the background of international tourism organizations. The results show that: (1) The intervention of international tourism organizations has changed the main principal part and structure of scenic spots governance, created a new path for Huangshan Scenic Spot governance, which is an important force to promote the evolution of its governance. (2) From the five dimensions of application subject, action path, scope involved, influence content and intervention effect, Huangshan Scenic Spot experienced three times of path creation after joining the international tourism organization and produced obvious effects. (3) The intervention of international tourism organizations has a significant impact on the internal governance, adjacent communities participation and governance experience output of Huangshan Scenic Spot.

Key words: path creation, mountain scenic spot, tourism governance, international tourism organizations, Huangshan Scenic Spot