自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 1302-1315.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210516

• 其他研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于L-R-D视角下长三角地区民宿旅游集聚区的发展模式

龙飞1(), 戴学锋1(), 张书颖2,3   

  1. 1.中国社会科学院财经战略研究院,北京 100006
    2.北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京 100191
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-18 修回日期:2020-09-03 出版日期:2021-05-28 发布日期:2021-07-28
  • 通讯作者: 戴学锋(1963- ),男,北京人,硕士,硕士生导师,研究方向为旅游经济、旅游发展战略。E-mail: 13611138109@163.com
  • 作者简介:龙飞(1983- ),女,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,研究方向为旅游地理,民宿旅游。E-mail: jessielongfei@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801139)

The development model of homestay tourism agglomeration in Yangtze River Delta from the L-R-D perspective

LONG Fei1(), DAI Xue-feng1(), ZHANG Shu-ying2,3   

  1. 1. The National Academy of Economic Strategy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100006, China
    2. College of Applied Arts and Science of Beijing Union University, Beijng 100191, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-05-18 Revised:2020-09-03 Online:2021-05-28 Published:2021-07-28

摘要:

大众休闲时代下,民宿旅游已经成为统筹城乡发展、盘活旅游经济、助力乡村振兴和旅游扶贫的新动能。而作为产业集聚的特殊类型和表现方式,民宿旅游集聚区是衡量区域民宿发展水平的重要标志,但对其学术关注明显不足。通过对依托区位(L-Location)、核心旅游资源(R-Resource)、主要动力(D-Dynamic)三要素的内涵提炼,构建民宿旅游集聚发展的L-R-D理论视角,并以民宿发展在全国具有引领作用的长三角地区为案例地进行验证,重点分析了城市景区市场主导型、城郊休闲度假市场主导型、乡村古村落政府主导型、乡村养老市场主导型和乡村景区市场主导型五种典型发展模式,为民宿旅游集聚区提质增效与整合升级提供坚实支撑和科学参考。

关键词: 民宿旅游集聚区, 发展模式, L-R-D, 长三角地区

Abstract:

In the era of mass leisure, homestay tourism has become a new driving force for balancing urban and rural development, invigorating the tourism economy, and helping rural revitalization and poverty alleviation. As a special type and manifestation of industrial agglomeration, homestay tourism agglomeration area is an important symbol to measure the development level of homestay tourism. But relevant academic attention is obviously insufficient. Based on the connotation of three elements of L-location, R-resource and D-dynamic, the paper constructs the L-R-D theory of the development of homestay tourism agglomeration. Taking the Yangtze River Delta, where homestay development plays a leading role in China, as a case, this paper mainly analyzes five development models of urban scenic market-oriented mode, suburban leisure market-oriented mode, historic village market-oriented mode, rural aging industry market-oriented mode and rural leisure market-oriented mode. It provides solid support and scientific reference for improving quality and increasing efficiency, and integrating and upgrading in homestay tourism agglomeration areas.

Key words: homestay tourism agglomeration area, development model, L-R-D, Yangtze River Delta