自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 525-540.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210220

• 其他研究论文 • 上一篇    

矿产资源开发生态补偿文献综述及实践进展

李国志(), 张景然   

  1. 山东理工大学经济学院,淄博 255012
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-20 修回日期:2019-12-02 出版日期:2021-02-28 发布日期:2021-04-28
  • 作者简介:李国志(1979- ),男,江西抚州人,博士,教授,主要从事生态经济和区域经济研究。E-mail: ligz@sdut.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15AJY004);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2019MG024)

Literature review and practical progress of ecological compensation for mineral resources exploitation

LI Guo-zhi(), ZHANG Jing-ran   

  1. School of Economics, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255012, Shandong, China
  • Received:2019-06-20 Revised:2019-12-02 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2021-04-28

摘要:

矿产资源开发会造成严重的环境污染和生态破坏,影响矿区经济增长和居民生活,为了消除这种负外部性,必须给予相应的补偿。在概念界定的基础上,对矿产资源开发生态补偿的理论文献进行系统梳理,并对国内外实践进行总结。分析发现:现有研究在内容上尚存在一些不足之处,包括生态补偿契约设计问题、补偿资金分摊问题、差异化补偿标准问题、不同补偿模式交易成本测度及临界点问题等。这些问题是未来值得进一步深入研究的学术问题。我国矿产资源开发生态补偿起步较晚,在实践中暴露出一些问题,包括制度建设和监管体系等。相比较而言,美国、德国、英国等国家经过长期的实践,在法律体系建设、不同矿区分类补偿、进入和退出机制、资金保障制度、监管机制构建等方面具有丰富的经验,取得了非常好的效果。借鉴其他国家的先进经验,可以从几方面完善我国矿产资源开发生态补偿机制,包括健全法律法规体系、完善保证金制度、健全生态补偿税费制度、建立健全监管体系等。

关键词: 矿产资源开发, 生态补偿, 文献综述, 实践进展, 政策建议

Abstract:

The exploitation of mineral resources polluted the environment and destroyed the ecosystem seriously, and it affected the economic growth and residents' life in mining areas. In order to eliminate this negative externality, we must make compensation accordingly. Based on the definition of the concept, this paper systematically combed the theoretical literature of ecological compensation for mineral resources exploitation, and summarized the practice at home and abroad. The research found that there were still some shortcomings in the existing literature, including the design of ecological compensation contract, the allocation of compensation funds, the differential standard of compensation, the transaction cost measurement and critical point of different compensation modes, and so on. These academic issues are worthy of further study in the future. China's ecological compensation for mineral resources exploitation started late, and some problems have emerged in practice, including insufficient system construction and regulatory system, and so on. By contrast, the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom and other countries had rich experience in many aspects, including construction of legal system, classification compensation for different mining areas, entry and exit mechanism, fund guarantee system, construction of regulatory mechanism and so on. Learning from the advanced experience of other countries, we can improve China's ecological compensation mechanism of mineral resources exploitation in some aspects, including improving the legal system, the deposit system and the ecological compensation tax system, as well as establishing and perfecting the regulatory system, and so on.

Key words: mineral resources exploitation, ecological compensation, literature review, practical progress, policy suggestions