自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 240-255.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20210116

• 资源分配与效率 • 上一篇    下一篇

流域主体功能优化与黄河水资源再分配

马涛1,2(), 王昊2, 谭乃榕2, 朱江3, 张凡凡2   

  1. 1.哈尔滨工业大学城市水资源和水环境国家重点实验室,哈尔滨 150090
    2.哈尔滨工业大学经济与管理学院,哈尔滨 150006
    3.广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院,广州 510000
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-11 修回日期:2020-05-22 出版日期:2021-01-28 发布日期:2021-03-28
  • 作者简介:马涛(1979- ),男,山东东营人,博士,教授,主要从事中国经济与区域经济、资源环境可持续发展与政策研究。E-mail:matao@hit.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    城市水资源与水环境国家重点实验室(哈尔滨工业大学)自主课题(2019DX14);国家自然科学基金项目(71950001);国家自然科学基金项目(71974046);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(HIT.HSS.201839)

Optimization of main functions of river basin and redistribution of water resources in the Yellow River

MA Tao1,2(), WANG Hao2, TAN Nai-rong2, ZHU Jiang3, ZHANG Fan-fan2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resources and Water Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150006, China
    3. Guangzhou Urban Planning Survey and Design Institute, Guangzhou 510000, China
  • Received:2019-12-11 Revised:2020-05-22 Online:2021-01-28 Published:2021-03-28

摘要:

立足流域主体功能优化概念内涵,系统性解析流域各类主体功能目标,基于流域主体功能评价指标体系建立以主体功能优化为目标导向的流域主体功能水资源分配机制,通过遗传算法求解多目标优化模型得到2017年黄河流域9省、自治区的四类水资源分配方案。研究结果表明:(1)流域主体功能实现水资源分配机制,使黄河流域最大可能节水23.01亿m3。(2)流域主体功能水资源分配机制给黄河流域主体功能实现分别带来4344.48亿元的生产功能增量、991.35亿元的生态功能价值增量,可多承载8194.84万人口。(3)减少宁夏和山东的农业用水及内蒙古工业用水分配对黄河流域水资源优化分配至关重要。

关键词: 流域主体功能优化, 黄河流域, 水资源分配, 多目标优化模型

Abstract:

Based on the concept and connotation of the main function optimization of the river basin, this paper systematically analyzes various main function goals of the basin, and establishes the main function water resource allocation mechanism based on the evaluation index system of the main function of the basin, which is solved by genetic algorithm. The multi-objective optimization model obtained 4 types of water resource allocation plans for 9 provincial-level regions in the Yellow River Basin in 2017. The research results show that: (1) The main functions of the river basin to realize the water resource allocation mechanism makes the Yellow River Basin the largest possible water saving of 2.301 billion m3. (2) The water resources allocation mechanism for the main functions of the basin has brought about 434.448 billion yuan in production function increments, and 99.135 billion yuan in ecological function value increments, which can feed 81.948 million more people. (3) Reducing agricultural water use in Ningxia and Shandong and industrial water distribution in Inner Mongolia is crucial to the optimal distribution of water resources in the study basin.

Key words: optimization of main function of river basin, Yellow River Basin, water resources allocation, multi-objective optimization model