自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 2415-2427.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20201009

• 面向国土空间规划的"双评价":理论与实践 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态文明视角下的国土空间底线管控:“双评价”与国土空间规划监测评估预警

钟镇涛1, 张鸿辉1,2, 洪良1, 刘耿1, 罗伟玲1   

  1. 1.广东国地规划科技股份有限公司,广州 510650;
    2.湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,长沙 410081
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-06 修回日期:2020-08-03 出版日期:2020-10-28 发布日期:2020-12-28
  • 通讯作者: 张鸿辉(1980- ),男,湖南长沙人,博士,教授级高级工程师,研究方向为智慧城市计算、多源时空大数据集成与智慧城建等。E-mail: 249536073@qq.com
  • 作者简介:钟镇涛(1993- ),男,新疆库尔勒人,硕士,高级大数据工程师,研究方向为国土空间规划大数据挖掘与应用。E-mail: zztoozzt@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871318); 广东省国土空间规划“一张图”建设关键技术研究项目(GDZRZYKJ2020007); 羊城创新创业领军人才支持计划(2019016)

Territorial space baseline control from the perspective of ecological civilization: "Double evaluation" and monitoring-evaluation-warning

ZHONG Zhen-tao1, ZHANG Hong-hui1,2, HONG Liang1, LIU Geng1, LUO Wei-ling1   

  1. 1. Guangdong Guodi Planning Science Technology Co., Ltd., Guangzhou 510650, China;
    2. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2020-05-06 Revised:2020-08-03 Online:2020-10-28 Published:2020-12-28

摘要: 生态文明新时代下的空间规划体系对国土空间底线管控提出了明确要求,“双评价”与国土空间规划监测评估预警是底线思维的体现。研究“双评价”与国土空间规划监测评估预警在国土空间底线管控中的作用和地位,通过国土空间规划“一张图”实施监督信息系统的建设,对二者的联系及其相互作用进行体现,构建二者的联动方式,服务于国土空间底线管控及治理的全过程。“双评价”与国土空间规划监测评估预警共同组成底线管控的两个阶段,前者是开展底线管控的基础,后者是底线管控的路径和手段,两者皆是生态文明新时代下国土空间规划底线管控的重要工具,需以国土空间规划“一张图”实施监督信息系统为基础加强两者的有机结合。

关键词: 空间规划, "双评价", 监测评估预警, "一张图"

Abstract: The national spatial planning system in the new era of ecological civilization has put forward targeted requirements for the baseline control of territorial space. Both of "double evaluation" and monitoring-evaluation-warning of national spatial planning are the embodiment of baseline thinking. In this paper, the inner relationship between "double evaluation" and monitoring-evaluation-warning of national spatial planning was studied based on the "one map" implementation supervision information system ("one map system") of national spatial planning. The path of territorial space control and governance is constructed (1) to study the role and status of "double evaluation" and monitoring-evaluation-warning of national spatial planning in the territorial space baseline control. The connection and interaction between the two are reflected through the construction of "one map system", which builds a linkage between the two for supporting the whole process of territorial space baseline control and governance. (2) It is found that the work of "double evaluation" focuses on the analysis of natural resources endowment and the identification of the current situation of territorial space, while monitoring-evaluation-warning is dynamic and continuous, which focuses on the long-term dynamic monitoring and timely early warning of various spatial elements. Both of them constitute two stages of baseline control. The former is the basis and the latter is the path and means for baseline control. (3) The practice of national spatial planning of Pingdingshan in Henan province confirmed that "one map system" is helpful as well as necessary for supporting "double evaluation" and monitoring-evaluation-warning. On the one hand, the scientificity of the planning compilation could be improved under the support of "double evaluation". On the other hand, the process of planning implementation could also be effectively regulated by sophisticated monitoring-evaluation-warning system. (4) Both of "double evaluation" and monitoring-evaluation-warning are important tools for territorial space baseline control in the new era of ecological civilization. It is necessary to strengthen the organic combination of the two based on the "one map system".

Key words: spatial planning, "double evaluation", monitoring-evaluation-warning, "one map system"