自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (9): 2120-2133.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200907

• 资源与战略 • 上一篇    下一篇

可持续城市研究进展及其对国土空间规划的启示

朱晓丹, 叶超, 李思梦   

  1. 华东师范大学地理科学学院,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-20 修回日期:2020-05-29 发布日期:2020-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 叶超(1978- ),男,甘肃武威人,博士,教授,主要从事城镇化与空间生产、地理学思想与方法、文化地理研究。E-mail: yeover@163.com
  • 作者简介:朱晓丹(1996- ),女,山东青岛人,硕士,主要从事城镇化研究。E-mail: 51183901031@stu.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA086); 华东师范大学中国哲学社会科学国际化研究前沿项目(2020ECNU-WKY005-WLJCZ)

Research progress of sustainable cities and its implications for national territory spatial plan

ZHU Xiao-dan, YE Chao, LI Si-meng   

  1. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2020-01-20 Revised:2020-05-29 Published:2020-11-27

摘要: 可持续城市是很多学科和领域关注的焦点。智能化和网络社会的演进促进了技术与可持续发展的关系研究,可持续城市研究亟需创新理论和方法。国内学界对可持续城市的前沿关注不够,结合国土空间规划的反思和探讨欠缺。因此,借助CiteSpace软件对国内外可持续城市研究进行系统评述,分析其演进脉络和研究热点,并探讨其对国土空间规划的启示。可持续城市研究主要经历了萌芽、兴起、增长、扩散四个阶段。可持续城市应当以自然、社会和技术三者的协调发展为核心。可持续城市的国际研究主要集中在气候变化、城市治理和智慧城市三个方面,并由“可持续”向“可持续智能”转变,大数据辅助城市规划成为趋势,社区多元主体共治逐渐增强。新可持续智能城市研究框架与国土空间规划的结合将是未来研究的关键。中国需要加强可持续智能城市的研究和实践,提出科学的可持续智能城市评价指标体系,结合国情重视城乡共治,并将这些理念渗透在国土空间规划中。

关键词: 可持续城市, 城镇化, 国土空间规划, 城市治理, 智慧城市, CiteSpace

Abstract: Sustainable cities are the focus of attention in many areas. The advent of the intelligent era and the evolution of the network society have promoted the study of the relationship between technology and sustainable development. Sustainable cities need innovative research methods and contents. The domestic academic circles have not paid enough attention to the forefront of sustainable cities. The national territory spatial plan also needs to draw on and integrate the relevant theories of sustainable cities. With the help of CiteSpace software, this article systematically reviews the current research situations and development trend of sustainable cities. The paper analyzes its evolution and research hotspots, and finds that the research on sustainable cities has mainly experienced four stages: germination, rise, growth and diffusion. International sustainable cities research mainly focuses on three aspects: climate change, urban governance and smart cities. The research changes from "sustainable" to "smart sustainable". Big data-assisted urban planning has become a trend, and the co-governance of diverse community stakeholders has gradually increased. However, the research and practice of smart sustainable cities in China are insufficient, the evaluation index system of sustainable cities is not perfect, the international experience is lacking, and the research on joint urban-rural governance is insufficient. The combination of the new sustainable cities research framework and the territorial development plan will be the key to future research. The practice of sustainable cities in China is not just for cities, but for urban-rural co-governance, which is also a concentrated manifestation of sustainability in terms of time, space and society. In the evaluation index system of sustainable cities, rural development indicators should be considered. And the issues of rural intelligence, environmental compatibility and technology compatibility in the national territory spatial plan are also important aspects of sustainable cities. Sustainable cities should focus on the coordinated development of nature, society and technology, not only to protect the environment and natural resources, but also to reform the urban and rural governance model and system. The national territory spatial plan is an important foundation for China to achieve sustainable cities. Starting from the proposition of "urban-rural China", urban-rural co-governance is the focus of China's sustainable urban development and research, and is also the main content of the national territorial development planning. Only through the reform of the combination of multi-dimensional systems can the concept of sustainable cities be implemented, and the integration of urban and rural areas can be achieved with the help of intelligent technology. In the future, China's sustainable cities research and practice will become a focus.

Key words: sustainable cities, urbanization, national territorial spatial plan, urban governance, smart cities, CiteSpace