自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (8): 1926-1939.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200813

• "淮海经济区城乡融合发展理论与实践"专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

城乡融合导向下乡村发展动力机制

李鑫1,2,3, 马晓冬1,2,3, KhuongManh-ha4, 祝金燕1   

  1. 1.江苏师范大学地理测绘与城乡规划学院,徐州 221116;
    2.江苏师范大学城乡融合发展研究院,徐州 221116;
    3.江苏师范大学特色镇村建设与土地管理研究基地,徐州 221116;
    4.北江农林大学土地与资源环境学院,越南 北江 0084240
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-20 修回日期:2020-05-08 出版日期:2020-08-28 发布日期:2020-08-28
  • 通讯作者: 马晓冬(1971- ),男,江苏徐州人,博士,教授,研究方向为乡村地理与区域规划。E-mail: xiaodgma@163.com
  • 作者简介:李鑫(1986- ),男,山东临沂人,博士,副教授,研究方向为资源优化配置与空间规划。E-mail: topzcg@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20191468); 国家自然科学基金项目(41971221); 教育部人文社会科学基金项目(19YJCZH089)

Dynamic mechanism of rural development oriented urban-rural integration

LI Xin1,2,3, MA Xiao-dong1,2,3, KHUONG Manh-ha4, ZHU Jin-yan1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Geomatics & Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    2. Institute of Urban-Rural Integrated Development, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    3. Research Base on Characteristic Town-Village Construction and Land Management, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    4. School of Land, Resources & Environment, Bacgiang University of Agricultural and Forestry, Bacgiang 0084240, Vietnam
  • Received:2020-02-20 Revised:2020-05-08 Online:2020-08-28 Published:2020-08-28

摘要: 乡村振兴关键是要运用城乡互动关系的变化,加强城乡合作实现乡村发展,亟需对城乡融合导向下的乡村发展动力机制进行研究。运用概念性框架法与结构方程模型构建城乡融合导向下乡村发展的动力机制与路径,并以徐州市2018年120个乡镇为样本进行验证。结果表明:城乡同质融合是乡村发展的外部动力,城乡互补融合是乡村发展的内在动力;外部动力包括城乡基础设施融合与公共服务融合两方面,其间接作用于乡村发展的效应大小分别为0.1558与0.6836;内部动力包括乡村吸引力与要素集聚两方面,其直接作用于乡村发展的效应分别为0.702与0.3356;外部动力主要靠政府投资推进城乡基础设施融合与公共服务融合来实现,内部动力则要靠乡村规划来塑造。本文对地方政府在操作层面开展乡村振兴工作有重要参考价值。

关键词: 城乡融合, 动力机制, 结构方程模型, 徐州市, 乡村发展

Abstract: Nowadays, rural development that determines the progress of building the moderately prosperous society is the most concerned work of Chinese governments, and several national strategies and policies like rural revitalization and urban-rural integrated development were proposed to promote the rural development. The key of rural revitalization strategy implementation is to realize urban-rural cooperation by their mutual supports, and thus it is urgent to shed light on the dynamic mechanism of rural development oriented urban-rural integration. This paper first established a conceptual framework of dynamic mechanism of rural development oriented urban-rural integration, and then the structural equation model (SEM) including 5 latent variables and 16 observation variables was applied to validate this dynamic mechanism based on data of 120 towns in Xuzhou city of 2018. Lastly, corresponding policy implications for rural development in China were proposed. It was found that: urban-rural integration could be classified into urban-rural homogeneous integration and complementary integration, and the homogeneous integration implied that rural areas pursued the same conditions and treatments as cities, and the complementary integration referred that in the urban-rural competition, rural advantages should be created from the opposite perspective of urban areas, like leisure activities, ecological tourism and healthy development. Urban-rural homogeneous integration was the external driving force of rural development, while urban-rural complementary integration was the internal driving force. External driving force included two aspects of urban-rural infrastructure and public service integration, and they impacted rural development indirectly with corresponding effect of 0.1558 and 0.6836, respectively; internal driving force also included two aspects of rural attraction and rural factors conglomeration, and they impacted rural development directly with corresponding effect of 0.702 and 0.3356, respectively. The urban-rural infrastructure integration firstly improved conglomeration level of rural factors like capital, land and labor, and then promoted rural development; similarly, urban-rural public service integration firstly improved rural attraction, and then made countryside developed. In terms of policy implications, multidimensional rural development dynamics should be established from the views of urban-rural homogeneous integration and complementary integration, and external driving force should be mainly created by government investment, while internal driving force was created and shaped by rural planning. Governance boundaries among market, government and society (locality) with respect to the creation of rural development dynamics should be defined. Rural revitalization should follow the law of rural life cycle and delimit its geographic space according to different rural types. This study reveals rural development dynamics mechanism from a perspective of urban-rural integrated development, which has an importance guidance for governments to implement rural revitalization strategy at the operational level.

Key words: rural development, Xuzhou city, dynamic mechanism, urban-rural integration, SEM