自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (8): 1830-1838.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200806

• 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所80周年所庆专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理学与资源科学研究的交叉与融合

濮励杰1,2, 黄贤金1,2   

  1. 1.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023;
    2.南京大学自然资源研究院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-15 修回日期:2020-07-06 出版日期:2020-08-28 发布日期:2020-08-28
  • 通讯作者: 黄贤金(1968- ),男,江苏扬中人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事资源地理与土地利用研究。E-mail: hxj369@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:濮励杰(1965- ),男,江苏吴江人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事土地利用及其环境效应、土地利规划研究。E-mail: ljpu@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41230751); 国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA061); 自然资源部研究项目(190831)

The interdisciplinary study and integration of disciplines for geography and resources science

PU Li-jie1,2, HUANG Xian-jin1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. Research Institute of Natural Resources, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2020-06-15 Revised:2020-07-06 Online:2020-08-28 Published:2020-08-28

摘要: 交叉性以及通过学科交叉实现学科创新,是学科创新发展的重要特征。本文探讨了地理学和资源科学融合的学科基础,指出自然资源的稀缺性、自然资源的空间性、自然资源系统的复杂性和自然资源问题的应对性是地理学和资源学学科对象的共性;阐述了地理学、资源科学两者相互作用及其历史过程,梳理了地理学、资源科学与人地关系思想、可持续思想的发展关系,揭示了地理学和资源科学的差异性特征;地理学、资源科学的共性与差异性,促进了资源地理学的产生与发展。据此,提出了资源地理学的学科内容与方向,论述其全球及国家战略支撑,展望中国资源地理学的发展趋势,以期更好地认识中国地理学和资源学交叉融合的现状,从整体范畴上把握学科发展的脉络,促进学科之间的相互渗透,理论和方法的移植创新,不断开拓新的研究领域和提高学科研究水平。

关键词: 学科交叉, 地理学, 资源科学, 学科融合, 资源地理学

Abstract: Interdisciplinary study and integration are the important characteristics of discipline innovation and development. This paper first discusses the subject basis of the integration of geography and resources science, and points out that geography and resources science have the commonness based on the scarcity of natural resources, the spatial nature of natural resources, the complexity of natural resources system and the response to the problems of natural resources. Then it introduces the interaction between geography and resources science and its historical process, sorts out the development relationship between geography, resources science, the thoughts of "human-land relationship" and sustainable development. Finally, resource geography, the integration of disciplinary product of geography and resources science, summarizes the subject content and direction of resource geography, expounds its global and national strategic support, and forecasts the development trend of resource geography in China. This paper aims to better understand the current situation of the intersection and integration of geography and resources science in China, grasp the context of discipline development from the overall category, promote the mutual penetration between disciplines, transplant and innovate theories and methods, and constantly open up new research fields and improve the level of discipline studies.

Key words: resources science, interdisciplinary study, integration of disciplines, resource geography, geography