自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (8): 1802-1816.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200804

• 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所80周年所庆专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国新时代自然资源治理体系的理论构想

谷树忠1, 吴太平2   

  1. 1.国务院发展研究中心资源与环境政策研究所,北京 100010;
    2.中华人民共和国自然资源部,北京 100812
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-17 修回日期:2020-07-07 出版日期:2020-08-28 发布日期:2020-08-28
  • 通讯作者: 吴太平(1963- ),男,河北固安人,硕士,副司长,主要从事自然资源与政策研究。E-mail: tpwu@mail.mlr.gov.cn
  • 作者简介:谷树忠(1963- ),男,河北威县人,博士,研究员,主要从事资源经济、资源安全、资源政策和生态文明制度等研究。E-mail: 2013735800@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国务院发展研究中心—世界银行合作项目

On China's governance system for natural resources in the New Era

GU Shu-zhong1, WU Tai-ping2   

  1. 1. Institute for Resources and Environmental Policies, Development Research Center of the State Council, Beijing 100010, China;
    2. Department of Synthetic Management, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100812, China
  • Received:2020-06-17 Revised:2020-07-07 Online:2020-08-28 Published:2020-08-28

摘要: 基于生态文明、高质量发展和国家治理新时代的战略需求,以及国内外自然资源治理发展趋势,对中国新时代自然资源治理的指导思想、基本理念、理论体系、基本原则和目标体系等进行系统解析,对包括调查勘查评估、统计监测核算、开发利用治理、保护修复治理、保障储备治理、市场交易治理、安全预警治理和国际合作治理等在内的中国新时代自然资源治理框架体系进行系统刻画,对包括公平正义制度、资产产权制度、节约集约制度、有偿使用制度、保护修复制度、市场交易制度、统计核算制度、多元储备制度、国际合作制度和治理监督制度在内的中国特色自然资源治理制度体系进行系统解构。研究结论与观点对于提高中国自然资源治理体系与能力现代化建设水平具有重要参考价值。

关键词: 自然资源, 生态文明, 国家治理, 制度创新, 治理体系

Abstract: Based on the strategic needs of ecological civilization, high-quality development and national governance in a New Era, and the analyses on the development trends of natural resources management at home and abroad, the guiding ideology, basic ideas, theoretical system, basic principles and target system of natural resources governance in China's New Era have been systematically analyzed. And China's framework of natural resources governance system in the New Era, including investigation and assessment, statistics monitoring and accounting, development and utilization, protection and repair, reserve management, market transaction, security early warning and international cooperation subsystems, are comprehensively analyzed and illustrated. The institutional systems of natural resources governance with Chinese characteristics are analyzed and depicted as the following institutions: institutions for justice and fairness of resources allocation; institutions for property rights of resources; institutions for efficient and intensive utilization of resources; institutions for payment of resources utilization; institutions for protection and conservation of resources; institutions for market transaction of resources; institutions for statistics and accounting of resources; institutions for multi-subject reserve of resources; institutions for international cooperation of resources, and institutions for supervision of resources governance. The conclusions and views of the study are of great reference value to improving the capacity and level of China's natural resources governance in the New Era.

Key words: natural resources, governance system, ecological civilization, institutional innovation, state governance