自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (8): 1789-1801.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200803

• 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所80周年所庆专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

新时代我国自然资源综合科学考察研究的挑战与展望

孙九林1,2, 董锁成1,2, 李泽红1,2, 李宇1,2, 李富佳1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-21 修回日期:2020-07-06 出版日期:2020-08-28 发布日期:2020-08-28
  • 通讯作者: 董锁成(1962- ),男,甘肃平凉人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,俄罗斯自然科学院通讯院士,主要从事资源经济和区域生态经济研究。E-mail: dongsc@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:孙九林(1937- ),男,江苏盐城人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,中国工程院院士,·主要从事资源环境信息化管理与应用研究。E-mail: sunjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础资源调查专项(2017FY101300); 第二次青藏高原自然资源综合科学考察研究任务子专题(2019QZKK040303)

Challenges and prospects of natural resources integrated surveys and researches in the New Era of China

SUN Jiu-lin1,2, DONG Suo-cheng1,2, LI Ze-hong1,2, LI Yu1,2, LI Fu-jia1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-06-21 Revised:2020-07-06 Online:2020-08-28 Published:2020-08-28

摘要: 自然资源综合科学考察是基础性科技工作,对于服务国民经济和社会发展具有重要的科技支撑作用。进入21世纪,我国自然资源综合科学考察工作从低谷中逐步复苏,但依然面临科考人才断档、经费支持不足、跨国考察组织艰难、重大成果产出不多等诸多挑战。本文从地域范围、队伍组成、技术手段、成果影响等角度总结了我国综合科学考察工作的最新进展,并展望新时代,提出了我国综合科学考察研究工作的六大发展趋势,包括:从综合科学考察向自然资源综合考察研究转变;考察国际化进程将加快;注重多学科综合考察与宏观微观结合调查;考察技术将更加多样化、智能化和精准化;考察信息数据共享平台支撑能力更加强大;科考人才的培养成为紧迫需求将得到加强。

关键词: 综合科学考察, 进展, 挑战, 展望, 新时代, 自然资源

Abstract: The integrated survey of natural resources is a basic scientific and technological work, which plays an important role in supporting the national economic and social development. In the 21st century, China's integrated surveys and researches of natural resources have gradually recovered from the trough, but still facing many challenges such as the discontinuation of scientific research talents, insufficient funding support, the difficulty of multinational investigation organizations, and the lack of outstanding research results. This article summarizes the latest progresses of China's integrated survey and research works from the perspective of territorial scope, team composition, technical measures, and impact of achievements. It looks forward to the New Era of China and proposes six development trends of the integrated surveys and researches as follows: The integrated surveys will transform to comprehensive researches on natural resources; the internationalization of surveys will accelerate; key points will focus on multidisciplinary comprehensive investigations and macro-micro integrated surveys; inspection techniques will be more diversified, intelligent, and targeted; the support capabilities of scientific investigation information and data sharing platforms will be stronger; the training of scientific talents will be strengthened.

Key words: integrated survey and research, challenge, the New Era, natural resources, prospect, progress