自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (8): 1773-1788.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200802

• 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所80周年所庆专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

新时代中国自然资源研究的机遇与挑战

沈镭1,2, 钟帅1,2, 胡纾寒1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-08 修回日期:2020-06-27 出版日期:2020-08-28 发布日期:2020-08-28
  • 通讯作者: 钟帅(1985- ),男,海南文昌人,博士,副研究员,主要从事能源和矿产资源经济与政策研究。E-mail: zhongshuai@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:沈镭(1964- ),男,湖北麻城人,博士,研究员,主要从事能源和矿产资源经济与政策、区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: shenl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA19040102); 科技部国家重点研发计划(2016YFA0602802); 国家自然科学基金项目(1771566)

Opportunities and challenges of natural resources research of China in the New Era

SHEN Lei1,2, ZHONG Shuai1,2, HU Shu-han1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-06-08 Revised:2020-06-27 Online:2020-08-28 Published:2020-08-28

摘要: 党的十九大报告提出建设中国特色社会主义新时代对自然资源综合研究和管理实践提出了新的需求。20世纪90年代以来在大规模的自然资源综合科学考察任务完成之后,自然资源综合研究逐渐成为资源学界的关注重点。新时代下自然资源研究面临着各种机遇和挑战。本文论述了山水林田湖草和联合国可持续发展目标(SDGs)与自然资源关联关系,重点探讨了当今国内外最为关注的四种典型关联研究主题,即资源—资产—资本关联、能源—资源—技术关联、食物—水—能源关联、能源—水—土地—碳排放关联,并结合新时代提出的政策导向,提出应对地缘政治风险、气候变化、国际贸易不确定性、重大应急事件等问题的新视角及相关建议,旨在为自然资源研究相关学科发展及创新能力建设提供新的思路。结果表明:百年未有的时代变革对自然资源的地位与作用产生了深刻影响,亟需加强自然资源的基础理论研究并尽早设立自然资源研究重大研发计划,为服务于国家自然资源战略及重大工程需求提供重要的科技支撑。

关键词: 机遇, 自然资源, 挑战, 新时代, 中国

Abstract: The Report of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed that building a New Era of socialism with Chinese characteristics puts forward new demands for comprehensive research and management practices of natural resources. Since the completion of large-scale comprehensive scientific investigations and researches of natural resources in the 1990s, comprehensive research on natural resources has gradually become the focus of attention in the field of resources science. In the New Era, natural resources research is facing various opportunities and challenges. This article discusses the nexus relationship between the frame of the Mountain-Water-Forests-Field-Lakes-Grasses, pointed out by President Xi Jinping, and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in terms of natural resources issues. It focuses on the four typical related research topics that are most concerned at home and abroad today, namely, resource-asset-capital nexus, energy-resource-technology nexus, food-water-energy nexus, energy-water-land-carbon emission nexus, combined with the policy guidance proposed in the New Era. It analyzed the geopolitical risks, climate change, international trade uncertainty, major emergency events and other issues and proposed several new perspectives and related suggestions which are aimed to provide some new ideas for the development of natural resources research and disciplines innovation capacity building. The authors believe that the century-long unprecedented changes have a profound impact on the status and role of natural resources. As a result, it is urgent to strengthen the basic theoretical research of natural resources and establish some major R&D plans for natural resources research as soon as possible to serve the national natural resources strategy and major engineering needs and provide some ways of important technological support for China.

Key words: natural resources, opportunities, China, challenges, the New Era