自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (7): 1541-1555.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200703

• “旅游资源与国家战略”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

国土空间规划新时代旅游规划的定位与转型

龙江智1, 朱鹤2   

  1. 1. 东北财经大学旅游与酒店管理学院,大连 116025;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-08 修回日期:2020-02-10 出版日期:2020-07-28 发布日期:2020-07-28
  • 作者简介:龙江智(1974-),男,湖南凤凰人,博士,副教授,主要从事城市旅游和旅游规划研究。E-mail: longjiangzhi@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(14BGL201); 国家自然科学基金项目(41801139)

Research on the position and transformation of tourism planning in the New Era of territorial spatial planning

LONG Jiang-zhi1, ZHU He2   

  1. 1. School of Tourism and Hotel Management, Dongbei University of Finance & Economics, Dalian, 116025, Liaoning, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-06-08 Revised:2020-02-10 Online:2020-07-28 Published:2020-07-28

摘要: 我国已经迈入以国土空间规划引领“多规合一”的空间治理新时代,对各专项规划的管控约束性更严、技术性和衔接性要求更高。为此,本文重新审视了旅游规划的性质和地位,并基于产业专项性和空间融合性特征,将旅游规划分为战略规划、协调规划、发展规划和开发规划。以旅游发展规划为示例,提出了六大转型:规划理念从无限思维向边界思维、融合理念和空间思维转变,编制思路从甲方意志向市场导向转变,规划内容从大而全向专而精转变,技术路线从概念逻辑向空间逻辑转变,规划方式从封闭向开放转变,规划技术从缺乏技术到技术融合转变以期推动旅游规划衔接和融入新时代国土空间规划体系,进一步引领中国旅游产业的转型升级和高质量发展。

关键词: 空间规划, 旅游规划, 新时代, 规划转型, 国土空间规划

Abstract: China has entered a New Era of spatial governance that leads the country's "multiple planning integration" with the territorial spatial planning. It has stricter control and higher requirements in technology and coherence over each specialty planning. Consequently, the paper reexamines the nature and status of tourism planning in the New Era of territorial spatial planning, and based on the characteristics of industrial specialization and spatial integration in tourism planning, it divides tourism planning into four types: strategy planning, coordination planning, development planning and construction planning. Then, taking the tourism development planning as an example, the paper puts forward six major transformations of tourism planning: from unbounded thought to bounded, integrated and spatial thought in planning concept; from the will of Party A to market orientation in planning ideas; from "large and all-inclusive" to "specialized and refined" in planning content; from conceptual logic to spatial logic in technical route; from closed to open in planning mode and from lack of technology to technical integration in tourism planning, in order to promote tourism planning to integrate into the territorial spatial planning system in the New Era, and further take lead in the transformation, upgrading and high-quality development of China's tourism industry.

Key words: territorial spatial planning, planning transformation, the New Era, tourism planning, spatial planning