自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 1273-1287.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200602

• 资源与战略 • 上一篇    下一篇

新型城镇化、居民福祉与国土空间规划应对

陈明星1, 2, 周园1, 2, 汤青3, 刘晔4, 5   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049;
    3. 中国科学院前沿科学与教育局,北京 100864;
    4. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275;
    5. 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-23 修回日期:2020-04-26 出版日期:2020-06-28 发布日期:2020-06-28
  • 通讯作者: 刘晔(1986-), 男, 广东广州人, 博士, 教授, 主要从事城市人居环境与居民健康福祉、城市化与人口流动研究。E-mail:liuye25@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈明星(1982-), 男, 安徽巢湖人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事城镇化与区域发展研究。E-mail:chenmx@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41822104,41871140,41671125);中科院战略性A类先导专项(XDA23100301)

New-type urbanization, well-being of residents, and the response of land spatial planning

CHEN Ming-xing1, 2, ZHOU Yuan1, 2, TANG Qing3, LIU Ye4, 5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Resource and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Bureau of Frontier Sciences and Education, CAS, Beijing 100864, China;
    4. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    5. Key Laboratory of Spatial Simulation of Urbanization and Geographical Environment in Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2020-03-23 Revised:2020-04-26 Online:2020-06-28 Published:2020-06-28

摘要: 我国城镇化已经步入中后期发展阶段,以人为本的新型城镇化内涵需要进一步丰富和建构。国土空间规划正是新型城镇化建设和生态文明建设落地的关键。本文提出增进居民福祉是以人为本新型城镇化的核心,梳理了居民福祉内涵的国内外相关研究、居民福祉的主客观测度指标体系与方法,归纳了影响居民福祉和幸福感的综合影响因素。借鉴国外空间规划经验,建议把增进城乡居民福祉作为国土空间规划编制的指导思想之一,并在国土空间规划实践中注重公共服务设施优化配置研究、灾害风险评估与韧性城市建设、三生空间优化、社区生活圈规划与精细化管理和大数据与智能决策系统等。城镇化是国土空间规划的重要组成,国土空间规划的科学编制有助于推动新型城镇化的高质量发展和城乡居民福祉提升,需要关注和加强城市合理等级体系、城市人口流动格局网络、半城镇化与就近城镇化模式、城乡基本公共服务配置与均等化、气候变化、城市灾害风险管理以及快速城镇化下人地关系演变等新型城镇化基础研究。

关键词: 新型城镇化, 中后期, 居民福祉, 国土空间规划, 幸福感, 美丽中国

Abstract: The urbanization of China has entered the middle and late stage, and the connotation of the people-centered urbanization needs to be further enriched and refined. The land spatial planning is the key to the practice of the new-type urbanization and ecological civilization construction. This paper proposes that the improvement of well-being of residents is the core of the people-centered urbanization. It sorts out relevant domestic and foreign studies on the connotation of well-being, summarizes the subjective and objective measure index systems and methods of well-being, and examines the factors influencing well-being and happiness of residents. In this study, we draw on the experience of foreign spatial planning and take the improvement of the well-being of urban and rural residents as one of the guiding principles for the compilation of land spatial planning. In the process of the practice of land spatial planning, it is necessary to focus on public health, disaster risk assessment system and construction of urban resilience, optimization of "production-living-ecological" spaces, community living spatial planning, fine-scale management, and big data and intelligent decision-making system. Urbanization is the indispensable important component of national spatial planning, and the establishment of national spatial planning promotes the high-quality development of new-type urbanization and the well-being of urban-rural residents. So, we should show great concern on urban scale hierarchy structure, the pattern of population flow network, peri-urbanization and local urbanization, basic allocation and equalization of public service of urban and rural areas, the impacts of climate change and urban disaster risk management, and the basic research of the new-type urbanization, such as the evolution of man-land relationship in the rapid urbanization.

Key words: well-being, new-type urbanization, middle and late stage, happiness, Beautiful China, land spatial planning