自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 1172-1189.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200513

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

土地利用/覆盖变化对生态系统服务的影响:空间尺度视角的研究综述

张宇硕1,2, 吴殿廷2, 吕晓3   

  1. 1.山西财经大学文化旅游学院,太原 030006;
    2.北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875;
    3.东北大学文法学院,沈阳 110169
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-30 出版日期:2020-05-28 发布日期:2020-05-28
  • 作者简介:张宇硕(1985- ),女,山西忻州人,博士,讲师,研究方向为土地利用/覆盖变化及其生态效应。E-mail: zys1008.hi@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771128); 山西省软科学项目(2018041072-6); 山西省高等学校工商管理优势学科攀升计划项目(晋教研[2018]4号)

A review on the impact of land use/land cover change on ecosystem services from a spatial scale perspective

ZHANG Yu-shuo1,2, WU Dian-ting2, LYU Xiao3   

  1. 1. Faculty of Culture Tourism, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China;
    2. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. School of Humanities and Law, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169, China
  • Received:2019-05-30 Online:2020-05-28 Published:2020-05-28

摘要: 作为连接自然过程与社会过程的桥梁与纽带,生态系统服务与人类福祉和可持续发展息息相关。土地利用/覆盖变化(Land Use/Land Cover Change,LUCC)是生态系统服务变化的重要原因之一,对生态系统服务的影响随着空间尺度的变化而变化。尺度问题一直是LUCC和生态系统服务理论研究与实践管理的重点与难点。系统理解LUCC对生态系统服务影响的尺度特征、尺度差异及尺度关联,对深入LUCC和生态系统服务的尺度效应研究、协调多层次管理机构的制度决策、缓解生态系统服务稀缺对社会经济发展的限制等具有重要意义。本文从空间尺度切入,基于国内外不同尺度LUCC对生态系统服务影响的理论研究和实践进展,总结归纳尺度的概念与内涵,整理介绍考虑空间尺度的研究框架,系统梳理LUCC对生态系统服务影响研究中的空间尺度选择、空间尺度特征及空间尺度关联,评析单一尺度和多尺度研究方法的特点。并提出未来研究中应在构建人文因素与自然因素相结合的研究框架、阐释LUCC对生态系统服务影响的尺度效应、完善LUCC对生态系统服务影响的尺度分析方法等方面开展更深入的研究。

关键词: 空间尺度, 生态系统服务, 尺度效应, 土地利用/覆盖变化, 影响

Abstract: As an important link between human and natural systems, ecosystem services are closely related to human well-being and sustainable development. Land use/land cover change (LUCC) is one of the important drivers for ecosystem services change, and it has a significant impact on ecosystem services at the local, regional and global scales. Under the background of ecological civilization construction, it is very important to understand the spatial characteristics, differences and correlation at multi spatial scales. It is beneficial for studying the scale effect profoundly, coordinating the decision-making of multi-level management institutions and alleviating the constraints of scarce ecosystem services on socio-economic development. From the perspective of spatial scale, we summarized the concepts of spatial scale on this topic and introduced the analytical framework for considering spatial scale effect based on the recent theoretical and empirical developments. Then, we systematically analyzed the scale selection basis, features and correlation on the impact of LUCC on ecosystem services at different spatial scales, following the research thinking and process. Furthermore, we evaluated the research approach used to study the impact of LUCC on ecosystem services at both single scale and multi scales. This review put forward the key questions which should be considered in studies on the scale effect as follows: (1) building a research framework combining humanistic factors with natural factors; (2) explaining the scale effect of LUCC on ecosystem services; (3) exploring the effective analytical methods of the scale effect of LUCC on ecosystem services.

Key words: spatial scale, ecosystem services, impact, land use/land cover change (LUCC), scale effect