自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 243-256.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200201

• 资源与战略 •    下一篇

面向乡村振兴战略的村庄分类方法与实证研究

李裕瑞1, 卜长利2, 曹智1, 刘烜赫3, 刘彦随1,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 长安大学地球科学与资源学院,西安 710054;
    3. 北京清华同衡规划设计研究院有限公司,北京 100085;
    4. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-05 修回日期:2019-10-02 出版日期:2020-02-28 发布日期:2020-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965- ),男,汉族,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为城乡发展与土地工程。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李裕瑞(1983- ),男,汉族,四川隆昌人,副研究员,硕士生导师,研究方向为土地整治与村镇发展。E-mail: lyr2008@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA23070300); 国家自然科学基金项目(41571166); 农业农村部发展规划司委托课题

Village classification system for rural vitalization strategy: Method and empirical study

LI Yu-rui1, BU Chang-li2, CAO Zhi1, LIU Xuan-he3, LIU Yan-sui1,4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710054, China;
    3. Beijing Tsinghua Tongheng Urban Planning and Design Institute, Beijing 100085, China;
    4. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-07-05 Revised:2019-10-02 Online:2020-02-28 Published:2020-02-28

摘要: 乡村振兴战略是新时期我国推进乡村发展的重要举措,村庄分类是促进乡村振兴战略规划在村级层面有效落地的先导工作,对于实现国家乡村振兴战略的阶段性目标具有重要意义。《国家乡村振兴战略规划(2018-2022年)》提出了集聚提升类、城郊融合类、特色保护类、搬迁撤并类等四种村庄类型,但并未明确具体的分类原则与方法。针对实践工作需要,本研究基于该四种村庄类型,进一步明确了其二级类,并提出了相应的分类原则与方法;建立了村庄分类模型(VCM),从村庄特色、村民生存、发展建设、城村联系、村庄功能等五个维度,提出了村庄分类的参考指标体系。选取宁夏回族自治区盐池县作为案例区,基于前述原则、方法与模型,对该县102个行政村进行分类。实证检验表明:本研究提出的原则和方法对于村庄分类具有实践指导价值。需要说明的是,鉴于村庄内外部条件的差异性和复杂性,具体工作时仍需结合实际情况进行部分参数、阈值的设定。

关键词: 乡村振兴, 村庄分类模型, 村庄分类, 盐池

Abstract: Rural Vitalization Strategy (RVS) is an important measure to promote rural development in China in the new era. Village classification is an important work to promote the effective implementation of the plan for RVS at the village level. It is of great significance to achieve the phased objectives of the national RVS. The National Strategic Planning for Rural Vitalization (2018-2022) puts forward four types of villages: agglomeration and upgrading, suburban integration, characteristic protection, relocation and evacuation, but it does not specify the specific principles and methods for classification. Based on the four types of villages, this study further clarifies their sub-types, and puts forward the corresponding principles and methods for classification. A village classification model is also established, which refines the classification index system of villages from five dimensions: village characteristics, villagers' living conditions, village development and construction, urban-rural links and village functions. Based on the principles, methods and models mentioned above, 102 administrative villages in Yanchi county of Ningxia are classified. Empirical study shows that the principles and methods proposed in this study have practical guiding value for village classification. However, in view of the differences and complexity of village characteristics, some parameters and thresholds need to be set according to the actual situation.

Key words: village classification, village classification model, Yanchi county, rural vitalization