自然资源学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 119-129.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20200111

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态治理工程对锡林郭勒草地生态系统文化服务感知的影响研究

罗琦1,2, 甄霖1, 杨婉妮1,2, 徐增让1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-01 修回日期:2019-11-11 出版日期:2020-01-28 发布日期:2020-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 甄霖(1964- ),女,甘肃天水人,博士,研究员,主要从事生态系统服务和生态补偿机制研究。E-mail: zhenl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:罗琦(1993- ),女,山东潍坊人,博士研究生,主要从事生态系统服务研究。E-mail: luoq.18b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0503700); 国家自然科学基金项目(41671517); 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA20010202)

The influence of ecological restoration projects on cultural ecosystem services in the Xilin Gol Grassland

LUO Qi1,2, ZHEN Lin1, YANG Wan-ni1,2, XU Zeng-rang1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Resource and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-07-01 Revised:2019-11-11 Online:2020-01-28 Published:2020-01-28

摘要:

锡林郭勒近年来草地退化趋势严重,一系列生态治理工程陆续开展。基于问卷调查法,探究草地文化服务牧户感知情况及其影响因素,对比分析不同治理工程区牧户对草地文化服务感知的差异。结果表明:(1)牧户对草地文化服务的感知受其民族、年龄、文化水平的影响(P<0.05)。蒙古族对生理和精神健康、美学价值的感知高于汉族;年龄较高的群体对生理及精神健康服务、教育及研究价值感知较高,对休闲娱乐的感知较低;高文化水平群体对教育及研究价值感知较高。(2)生态工程影响草地文化服务的牧户感知,“草畜平衡+休牧+禁牧”区牧户对草地多项文化服务(生理及精神健康、灵感、精神及宗教信仰、地方感、休闲娱乐)的感知低于其他治理工程区。

关键词: 锡林郭勒, 牧户感知, 文化服务, 生态治理工程

Abstract:

Cultural ecosystem services (CES) are important parts of ecosystem services and are receiving increasing attention. As the ecological barriers in the northern China, Xilin Gol League has witnessed more serious degradation in recent years. A large number of ecological restoration projects (ERPs) have been carried out in Xilin Gol, among which, grazing prohibition, rest grazing, grass-animal balance are the most representative ones. In this study, we used the questionnaire survey method to investigate the perceptions of 144 respondents in Xilin Gol on the CES of grassland ecosystem, and analyzed the factors influencing these perceptions. In addition, we compared the CES of grassland in three ERPs areas ("rest grazing", "rest grazing +grass-animal balance", "rest grazing + grass-animal balance + grazing prohibition"). The results showed that: (1) Respondent's perception of grassland's CES was affected by their ethnicity, age and education level (P<0.05), the perception of Mongolian people on mental and physical health, and the aesthetic services is higher than that of Han ethnic groups; the older group has higher perception than the younger one on mental and physical health, education and science, and low perception on recreational services; the group with high education level has higher perception on education and science services. (2) ERPs affected the CES of grassland, several grassland's CES (mental and physical health, inspiration, spiritual and religious services, sense of place, recreational services) in "rest grazing + grass-animal balance + grazing prohibition" region is lower than that of the other two areas.

Key words: respondents' perceptions, ecological restoration projects, cultural ecosystem services, Xilin Gol